The paper "The Historical Development of Wind Turbines in Denmark" is a delightful example of a case study on technology. Introduction Innovation is the process Additionally, innovation brings the technology. The process of change integrates information and knowledge from various fields; market, technology, economic or design. Historically, new technology was primarily developed by practical experience, thus the role of learning by Indeed the primary requirement was the scientific understanding of why and how certain technology works and that was enough to pave the way for further development, On the other hand, research-based competence played a paramount role in innovation and new technology despite the fact that historically innovation and technology were highly regarded as practical experience, research helped in the understanding of how and why the technology works in a certain way rather than performing blind experiments.
Therefore looking at energy technology, much emphasis is given to the role of learning by doing and learning by research. Additionally, a case study of the wind turbines technology in Denmark is given. Brief History of the Wind Turbines The wind turbines are primarily of two types; the vertical-axis wind turbine (VAWT) and the horizontal-axis wind turbine (HAWT).
Both just convert wind energy into mechanical energy. Of the two types, VAWT’ s value is ever increasing due to be advantaged as compared to the horizontal – axis wind turbine. To begin with, the VAWT incur a small cost, and its installation and maintenance are relatively down and easy. The development and use of wind technology date back hundreds of years ago. Indeed the horizontal axis windmill of the Netherlands and the vertical-axis windmills found on the Afghanistan-Persian borders dates back to 200BC.
Improved perfection and evaluation of the horizontal axis windmill and vertical-axis windmill were done in the USA in the 19th century (Kaldellis, and Zafirakis 2011). Historical development of water turbines in different countries indicates that wind turbines have been in existence back in 200BC and the use has undergone gradual development over time. Wind Turbines in Denmark Despite the fact that Denmark recorded the least investment in wind turbines it emerged to be the most prosperous country on the wind turbine industry. In fact in the international market, Denmark produced more than half of the world wind turbine.
The building of the wind turbine in Denmark started in the year 1975, (Jonkman et al. 2009). The Danish government played a leading role in supporting the building and development of wind energy. As a result, the technology flourished well and started competing in the global market. In fact, the country had a total of 2340 MW. Much of wind technology can be attributed to Poul La Cour, who was a wind pioneer and a physics professor. La Cour combined knowledge he had obtained in the electrical engineering, machine construction, and aerodynamics.
Consequently, by 1903, he developed a simple, reliable windmill which was commonly known as ‘ klapsejler (Jonkman et al. 2009)'. The windmill was able to produce able to give direct current electricity. Also, The La Cour turbine was of significant importance as it provided power in the countryside during the severe fossils fuel shortage in World War II, (Kaldellis, and Zafirakis 2011). Furthermore, La Cour improved the aerodynamic design of the blades, with government support he was able to develop a wind turbine with two, three, and four narrow blades (learning by doing).
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