IntroductionThis paper has been written with an intention of making a reconstruction on The New School Painting from Karl Marx’s ideology of Industrial Relations, Class Consciousness and Antagonism. The New School is a 1923 Fresco painting by Diego Rivera (1886-1957). This painting is presently hung on the Mexican ministry of education’s south wall. In particular, this south wall is located within Mexico City. Several factors underpin this painting, The New School. For instance, Rivera as the artist himself lived at the time of the Mexican Revolution. The Mexican revolution was antithetical to the Spanish occupation in Mexico.
This is because; the Spanish occupation was seen to be highly fascist and capitalistic, so that it heralded a system of inequality in Mexico, so that two classes clearly emerged: the rich and powerful capital owners (the white Spanish dukes) who owned the factors of production (land, factories and capital) on one hand, and the poor, beset by abject poverty, unable to secure health care, education and a decent income (Marx, 179). The Mexican Revolution was carried out to oust the Spanish occupation. The Spanish occupation ensured the oppression of the Mexicans since the aforementioned factors of production became appropriated by the capitalist Spaniards. It is clear that the political views of Rivera were inundated heavily by Karl Mar’s ideology, simply known as Marxism, an ideology which taught by Karl Marx in the formative stages of the 19th century.
Therefore, as a sculptor, and graphic artist, Rivera exhibited his predisposition to the dictates of Marxism through his paintings. Theme Statement It is true that Rivera’s painting of The New School is an accurate synthesis of a Marxist interpretation of the pre-independent Mexico, at the time it was under the yoke of the Spanish occupation and exploitation.
At the same time, the painting acts as an accurate prediction of the victory and the subsequently new dispensation that would later be bequeathed to Mexico. The painting, The New School In this painting, Rivera presents a panoramic view, which is set against the mountain ranges. The painting has the background totally sandy, brown and is completely bereft of any vegetation. This dry land is reflective of the capitalistic and unequal economic.
However, it must be remembered that the artist’s main intention is to portray stark naked capitalism as being so inhuman, it ravages the land dry, unable to support the poor proletariat. Secondly, and claiming about a quarter portion of the painting as a rudimentary type of school is the group learning which is being carried out under direct sun. Interestingly, the class consists of students who are youthful, inquisitive and intelligent. This is presented against the backdrop of the Marxist endearments that capitalism exploits the workers (not the children), especially the youthful ones for the maximization of the profit (Marx, 185).
Therefore, the youth become the target of both revolutionary and antirevolutionary forms of influence. It is thus not fortuitous that the youth is the core of this school. The 1920s New Mexican Movement was aimed at raising high the revolutionary spirit against the exploitative Spanish bourgeoisie (Hunter, 2004 p 22).