AbstractThe paper analyzed a residential Heating, Ventilation and Air Conditioning (HVAC) system working at optimum and cost effective conditions. To achieve this goal, a mathematical model was used to simulate processes and various equipments used at given different weather conditions. The simulations identified the critical parameters and levels of optimum performance. In recent years, many researches have focused on the environment of internal residential buildings. The reduction of energy consumption in housing is one of the key components of sustainable housing strategies. With the private households being the prior energy consumer (before traffic and industry), affordable energy is necessary to allow all residents to heat their homes.
Research has shown that in most countries, a strong relation exists between the socio-economic status of households and the ability to keep the home adequately warm in cold periods and cooled when the weather is warm. It is therefore necessary to reduce the dependence of adequate thermal comfort on financial resources in order to avoid indoor temperature-related health effects. The efficiency of thermal insulation and the heating system are main factors for the maintenance of thermal comfort.
However, increased housing tightness often comes at the expense of ventilation and air quality, so a compromise must be found between ventilation / air exchange, and the loss of warmth and energy. According to previous research work reviewed in this paper, the user who can control the environmental condition and hence enjoy temperature stability is more productive. Energy consumption on HVAC systems have been an important subject of research using the method of mathematical modeling and simulation as applied to different environmental conditions. Up to now, the standards of energy systems are focused on the regulation of local BIBLIOGRAPHYARI.
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