Trends in Terrorism and Counterterrorism – Term Paper Example

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The paper "Trends in Terrorism and Counterterrorism" is a great example of a term paper in politics. Terrorism in its broadest sense and meaning may not have one wholly agreed upon definition but it is a full consensus that it is unwanted and uncalled for whatsoever. A variety of formal systems and government bureaus use varied definitions. Furthermore, governments have always been so unwilling to come up with an agreed-upon, lawfully requisite definition. These complexities arise due to the fact that the term has emotional and political reservations (Kegley & Blanton, 2014).

This has however not jeopardized the international community’ s efforts to come up with a way or mechanism to define and subsequently criminalize terrorism activities (Uzer, 2012). The biggest international organization is otherwise known as the United Nations General Assembly has put together things or activities or acts that would deem as terrorism in nature. The members of this organization have agreed that any act or action that seeks to cause or seems to cause a state of panic or terror amongst the general public or within a given group of people or within a given area because of any reason whatsoever justifiable whether political, religious, psychological, economic, ethnic or racial is terrorism (McCoy & Knight, 2015). Historical background of terrorism During the early terrorist schemes that were carried out around the late 1800s, most of the initial tradecraft prerequisites were assisted by the general ease of these times.

Amongst the initial tradecraft prerequisites widely employed during this period was obtaining identification documents. Public reports were so thin and never contained people's images and seemed to be devolved to lower levels thus making them not easily searched through (Burch, Nanda & Warther, 2014).

(This is still the case in some fewer parts of the world till dates, such as Somalia and Afghanistan. ) There was a great absence of worldwide identification documents like driver licenses because vehicles had not yet turned into common stuff. Visa and passports were not extensively necessary for travel till after World War I, and yet the information regarding visas and passport issuance together with tourist exits and entries were restricted, hand-written permits put into ledgers and proved to be very difficult to search (Mullins, 2011). During this period, it was not hard for Irish Fenian, anarchist or nihilist terrorist perpetrators to move from one point to another and from state to state, hire safe-houses or come up with and send funds.

Communication was, without a doubt, more hectic for everyone during those times — terrorists as well as authorities (Byman & Shapiro, 2014). The mail method was sluggish, and even if telegrams could easily and quickly be sent, they could be seen and read by many people. Law enforcement bodies never coordinated nor communicate very well over territorial boundaries within a country, let alone on an international magnitude (Forest, 2012).

These trends have however changed and presently we have witnessed very strange and new terrorism trends, techniques, and methods. Terrorist seems to be able to understand fully the rapidly changing world in terms of technology and societal perceptions on a varied number of issues and use this knowledge to come up with new ways to carry out and perpetrate their heinous acts against humanity (Briefel & Miller, 2012).

References

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Briefel, A., & Miller, S. (2012). Horror after 9/11. Austin: University of Texas Press.

Brunvand, J. (2014). Be afraid, be very afraid. New York: Norton.

Burch, T., Nanda, V., & Warther, V. (2014). Does it Pay to Be Loyal? An Empirical Analysis of Underwriting Relationships and Fees. SSRN Electronic Journal. http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.423901

Byman, D., & Shapiro, J. (2014). Be afraid. Be a little afraid: The threat of terrorism from Western foreign fighters in Syria and Iraq.

Drewer, D., & Ellermann, J. (2016). May the (well-balanced) force be with us! The launch of the European Counter Terrorism Centre (ECTC). Computer Law & Security Review. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.clsr.2016.02.003

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Kegley, C., & Blanton, S. (2014). World politics. Boston, MA: Wadsworth.

Kluch, S., & Vaux, A. (2016). The Non-Random Nature of Terrorism: An exploration of where and how global trends of terrorism have developed over 40 years. Studies In Conflict & Terrorism, 00-00. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1057610x.2016.1159070

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McCoy, J., & Knight, W. (2015). Homegrown Terrorism in Canada: Local Patterns, Global Trends.Studies In Conflict & Terrorism, 38(4), 253-274. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1057610x.2014.994349

Mehra, A. (2014). Emerging Trends in Indian Politics: The Fifteenth General Election. Routledge India.

Mullins, S. (2011). Islamist Terrorism and Australia: An Empirical Examination of the “Home-Grown” Threat. Terrorism And Political Violence, 23(2), 254-285. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09546553.2010.535717

Nesser, P. (2014). Toward an Increasingly Heterogeneous Threat: A Chronology of Jihadist Terrorism in Europe 2008–2013. Studies In Conflict & Terrorism, 37(5), 440-456. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1057610x.2014.893405

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Sorkin, M. (2013). Indefensible space: the architecture of the national insecurity state.

Spaaij, R. (2016). Terrorism and Security at the Olympics: Empirical Trends and Evolving Research Agendas. The International Journal Of The History Of Sport, 1-18. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09523367.2015.1136290

Underhill, N. (2014). Countering global terrorism and insurgency.

Uzer, F. (2012). Maritime security and defense against terrorism. Amsterdam: IOS Press.

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Zafirovski, M., & Rodeheaver, D. (2013). Modernity and terrorism. Leiden: Brill.

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