The HistoryCreationSince the Red Cross and Red Crescent movement was introduced, Protection has been provided to million victims affected by either war, diseases or risks that come with flood or climate change. The aim of this study is to show the creation of the Movement, its mission and the strategies used in achieving set goals. This study shows how the movement has been adopted in various counties for example the United Arabs Emirates, Afghanistan, Iraq, Indonesia and Pakistan. The sources of funds for these movement are shown and the heads. According to André (1984) the international Red Crescent Movement provides humanitarian help to the less fortunate.
The movement is now comprised of over 90 million volunteers all over the world. The association’s aim is to protect life and human health. It also ensures that human rights are maintained in that no human suffering or discrimination of any kind be it race, sex, nationality or cultural beliefs. The movement is made up of various organizations with distinct features but which unite to share a common goal, objectives, symbols and organs.
Angela (2005) describes that some of the legally independent organizations of the Red Cross and Red Crescent movement include; the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC). This was founded by Henry Dunant in early 1860s in Geneva. ICRC currently uses three emblems to represent the organisation. These are the Red Cross, the Red Crescent symbol and the red crystal. In order for the National societies to be recognised as a member of the ICRC Movement, they have to use one of the above symbols in providing humanitarian assistance. The three emblems adopted by the Movement provide same level of protection.
Individuals using these emblems also have to abide to the international humanitarian laws and principles. The institution has a committee comprised of 25 members who conduct their duties under the international humanitarian law. Some of these duties include offering life and dignity protection of humans. The movement also protects individuals from conflicts and political war. The other institution that works hand in hand with the Red Cross and Red Crescent is the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC).
David (2005) shows that this was founded in the year 1919 with the objective of protecting the livelihood of individuals. Today the movement has about 180 Red Cross and Red Crescent societies. This federation provides relief as well as providing protection incase of emergencies. The IFRC is based in Geneva and the ICRC got the Nobel Peace Prize for their peace missions across the world. The National Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies also work together with ICRC and follow the International humanitarian law in conducting its mission all over the world.
The mission of ICRCThe ICRC mission is to provide stimulus and offer guidance to mine victims as a way of achieving concerted activities in future. Unity and cooperation are some of the principles used by the ICRC in performing its humanitarian duties. John (1997) describes that the movement also focuses on strengthening their capacity and knowledge through ensuring effective communication among its institutions. The major elements used in running ICRC includes; one, achieving universal devotion to implement effective values that ensure that the organizational goals are achieved. Two is to reduce the number of casualties in the society.
This will be achieved through the introduction of community based programs that will give guidance and education services.