Ethical Problems of Artificial Intelligence – Term Paper Example

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The paper "Ethical Problems of Artificial Intelligence" is a wonderful example of a term paper on technology. The world has witnessed increased research in artificial intelligence to produce devices that have human-like capabilities. Such devices can perform a myriad of applications in many diverse fields. However, the development of AI-enabled devices raises several ethical issues including the prospect of increased unemployment and inequalities and human dependence on machines. Perhaps the biggest worry is that technology might end up being a superior creature to humans. This article explores the ethical concerns related to AI and provides recommendations for future research.

In essence, it is important to come up with policies to promote the development of AI-enabled devices that do not cause harm to human beings and their position as the most superior creatures. Ethical Problems of Artificial Intelligence Introduction Advances in computing technology have given birth to a fast-evolving field of artificial intelligence (AI). As a field of computer science, it is concerned with the development and production of computers with the capability to engage in human processes such as reasoning, learning, and self-correction.

It is the view that machines could be developed to take up abilities that are mainly associated with humans. Some authors have argued that the possibility of developing super-intelligence may be a reality in the next few years due to advances in hardware performance and improved capability to implement architectures and algorithms similar to those that human beings use (Yampolskiy 2012, p. 195). Even at this early phase of development, AI has produced many considerable products. Zeng (2015, p. 2) lists Siri, Cortana, and Google Now as applications that have successfully integrated a variety of AI tools such as intelligent interfaces, knowledge discovery, natural language processing, and recommender systems into their operations.

Other applications are also under development that makes use of commonsense reasoning, task automation, and knowledge engineering (Zeng 2015, p. 2). Autonomous driving, which utilizes tools such as robotics, multi-agent processing, intelligent control, and planning, promises safer driving for users (Zeng 2015, p. 2). In spite of the numerous potential advantages of AI, a myriad of ethical concerns have been unearthed (Bynum 2004, p. 65). Ultimately, there are those who have questioned whether the development of AI ought to be stopped.

In this paper, the idea of artificial intelligence is discussed in detail, with emphasis on the positive and negatives aspects associated with it. In particular, the ethical concerns associated with the technology are explored. After a comparative discussion, a recommendation is presented that urges the responsible development and utilization of this technology. Overall, while AI may have a number of shortcomings, it is essential for research activities to be enhanced to improve the performance of AI tools that could support human life without adverse consequences. Applications of Artificial Intelligence The development and deployment of AI have seen its application in many areas of human life.

According to Pannu (2015, p. 79), some of the techniques applied in AI include fuzzy logic, neural network, evolutionary computing, and hybrid artificial intelligence. Essentially, AI has several advantages over natural intelligence since it is more consistent, permanent, less expensive, and has the capability of ease of duplication and dissemination (Pannu 2015, p. 79). Based on Pannu (2015, p. 79), AI can be implemented in a variety of areas.

The first of these areas is language comprehension. Individuals can use it to translate one language to another. Additionally, AI technologies could be used in computer systems to retrieve information, process semantic information, and answering questions.

References

Bynum, WT 2004, ‘Ethical challenges to citizens of ‘The automatic age': Norbert Wiener on the information society’, Journal of Information, Communication and Ethics in Society, vol. 2, no. 2, pp.65-74. Available from: [October 21, 2016]

Muehlhauser, L & Helm, L 2012, The singularity and machine ethics, In Singularity Hypotheses (pp. 101-126), Springer Berlin Heidelberg.

Pannu, 2015, ‘Artificial Intelligence and its Application in Different Areas’, International Journal of Engineering and Innovative Technology (IJEIT), vol. 4, no. 10, pp. 79 - 84.

Russell, S 2015, ‘Take a Stand on AI Weapons,’ Nature, vol. 521, no. 7553, pp.415-416.

Veruggio, G & Operto, F 2008, Roboethics: Social and ethical implications of robotics, In B. Siciliano, & O. Khatib (eds.), Springer handbook of robotics (pp. 1499-1524), Springer Berlin Heidelberg. Available from: < https://books.google.co.ke/books?id=Xpgi5gSuBxsC&pg=PA1499&dq=Veruggio+Operto+Roboethics:+Social+and+ethical+implications+of+robotics&hl=en&sa=X&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=Veruggio%20Operto%20Roboethics%3A%20Social%20and%20ethical%20implications%20of%20robotics&f=false >[2October 21, 2016].

Yampolskiy, R 2012, ‘Leakproofing the Singularity Artificial Intelligence Confinement Problem’, Journal of Consciousness Studies, vol. 19, no. 1-2, pp.194-214.

Zeng, D 2015, ‘AI Ethics: Science Fiction Meets Technological Reality’, IEEE Intelligent Systems, vol. 30, no. 3, pp.2-5.

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