Psychosocial Work-Related Stress – Term Paper Example

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The paper "Psychosocial Work-Related Stress" is a good example of a term paper on psychology. Increased competition, need for soaring profits, global economic recession and pressure to perform have necessitated organizational restructuring. Restructuring in an organization often involves job cuts, changes in terms of employment, and other changes that affect the security of employees’ job tenures. These board room decisions have made job insecurity a major concern among employees in virtually every workplace. Employees often worry about the likelihood of losing their current job or the fact that their contract may not be renewed after its expiry.

These worries are a significant cause of psychosocial work-related stress, a significant concern among occupational health practitioners. The mental and psychological health of employees is an important aspect of occupational health. The researcher carried out a systematic review of the literature investigating the relationship between job insecurity and unstable jobs on the psychological health of an employee. The objective of this systematic literature review is to examine the effect of work-related stress on the employee’ s ability to work effectively, willingness to observe safety standards at work, and family life.

The review seeks to answer a pre-determined set of questions including; How does work-related stress affect an employee’ s ability to perform his/her tasks at work? How does work-related stress affect the employee’ s willingness to adhere to safety standards and procedures at work? What are the effects of psychosocial work-related stress on the employee’ s family life? The mental health of employees is a delicate and important issue in occupational health practice that has not been adequately covered by existing research. The systematic review of relevant journal articles addressing the problem will advance the body of knowledge on the effects of work-related stress on the employee.

It will also highlight the need to pay closer attention to measures aimed at reducing or preventing these negative effects. Background of literature Job insecurity is expressed in various ways. Some writers have attempted to give distinctions between qualitative and quantitative job insecurity. Masia & Pienaar (2011) define quantitative insecurity as the perceived threats to the continuity of an existing job, while qualitative insecurity is expressed as referring to concerns over career progression and salary increments.

This review is concerned with the effects of quantitative job insecurity on the mental health of the employee. It relates to the security of the present job or future decisions likely to affect it. According to Masia & Pienaar (2011), it includes existing or apparent doubts regarding the continuity of one’ s present job and fears for the future. Employees across the globe are increasingly facing uncertainty about their jobs. Employees who feel threatened are mainly those whose organizations are undergoing reorganization, restructuring, or policy changes. However, insecurity is not limited to this group alone.

Many other employees are facing worries over the continuity of their employment even when they are in seemingly secure employment situations. When these employees hear that a certain company (not their own) is undergoing restructuring or downsizing, they worry about their own jobs. Uncertainty in employment contributes significantly to stress among employees. Past stress research has established a relationship between the anticipation of an unpleasant event such as receiving a termination letter or notice and high-stress levels among employees. various studies have also linked work-related stress to low levels of satisfaction at work and in the personal lives of employees, poor performance, negative impacts on employees’ health and wellbeing, and tendencies to ignore safety procedures leading to accidents at the workplace.

References

Elovainio, M., Kuusio, H., Aalto, A., Sinervo, T. & Heponiemi, T. (2010). Insecurity and

Examining the role of work stress, job insecurity, satisfaction, and commitment as antecedents. SA Journal of Industrial Psychology, 37(1), 219-229.

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Gaunt, R. & Benjamin, O. (2007). Job Insecurity, Stress, and Gender. Community, Work, and Health: The Buffering Potential of Job Control and Job Self-Efficacy. Work and Stress, 24(1), 56-72.

Masia, U., & Pienaar, J. (2011). Unraveling safety compliance in the mining industry: Psychological Well-Being of Workers. Journal of Sociology and Social Welfare, 33(3), 28.

Rocha, C., MaCarter, A. & Crowell, J. (2006). The Effects of Prolonged Job Insecurity on The Schreurs, B., Emmerik, H., Notelaers, G. & Witt, H. (2010). Job Insecurity and Employee

Shiftwork as Characteristics of Negative Work Environment: Psychosocial and Behavioural Mediators. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 66(5), 1080–1091.

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