The paper "Trends, Analysis of Sustainable Tourism" is a wonderful example of a term paper on tourism. Sustainable Development Many global economic experts note that tourism is one of the biggest industries in many countries of the world. Tourism is known to be a major economic driver of many nations. In fact, many developing nations throughout the world have cited tourism as one of their greatest sources of income (Eagles, McLean & Stabler, 2000). Tourism has very many advantages and disadvantages. It greatly affects the environment, culture, infrastructure, and resources of the host country.
Many stakeholders in the tourism industry are continuously seeking to ensure that the sector is sustainable because of these challenges. That is why they seek to establish tourism that has very little impact on the environment, culture, infrastructure, and resources of the host country. Sustainable Tourism There are very many explanations that have been put forward trying to define sustainable tourism. Examples of these descriptions include environmentally responsible tourism, ethical travel, green travel, and fair trade. It has however been noted that sustainable tourism has a very unique definition that explains its meaning.
One such definition that is very popular and widely used is the one given in 1996 by the World Tourism Organization (WTO). The WTO (1996) argues that sustainable tourism is “ tourism which leads to management of all resources in such a way that economic, social and aesthetic needs can be fulfilled while maintaining cultural integrity, essential ecological processes, biological diversity, and life support systems” . According to the WTO, the development of sustainable tourism is important because it describes a process aimed at achieving the expectations of both the tourists and the host country.
It also seeks to protect and promote its future needs. The advantages of tourism to the countries that host tourists are many. Most of these advantages revolve around infrastructural growth and development. According to Backman, Wright, and Backman (1994), tourism may deplete the resources of the host country because it places a lot of demand for them. When the resources of a country are in great demand, they are needed by many people at once. This leads to excessive energy use, waste generation, water consumption. There is also a lot of demand on the infrastructure of the country because the tourists will need to use roads and other infrastructure.
These demands need to be properly controlled and managed so as to regulate their impacts on the cultures, infrastructure, and environment of the host country (Paul, McCool & Haynes, 2002). Reports by the World Tourism Organization indicate that the tourism sector has been experiencing continuous high growth. This is evident through the numbers that have been showing by the WTO, indicating this growth. For example, in 1950, the number of international tourists stood at 25 million.
This number had reached 650 million in 2000 (Backman, Wright & Backman, 1994). This high growth rate is attributed to several factors such as the improved standards of living in developed countries, the decrease in costs of traveling, and the additional allowances given to people for holidays (Hunter & Shaw, 2007). Such facts and figures indicate that the resources of host countries are likely to be strained because the number of visitors who will need to use them is ever-increasing (Cizmar & Lisjak, 2007).
According to forecasts in the tourism sector, this growth is likely to continue at a high rate, probably from three to six percent every year.
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