The paper "Construction of Sustainable: Green Star Commercial and Retail Buildings" is a good example of a term paper on engineering and construction. The common goal of greenhouse practices is to lessen the effects of the built environment on both human health and the natural environment. This is done by allocating the resources effectively, reduction of both waste and pollution as well as by protecting the health of the occupant. In this report, I will be examining the sustainability principles since they are applicable to all developments irrespective of the ultimate product.
The principles consist of, preliminary considerations, rating tools, site characteristics as well as passive design (Strategic Urban Solutions Project Team, 2010). Rating Tools Numerous rating tools have been developed worldwide to measure different aspects of the environmental performance of buildings. Basically, there are three systems prevalently used in rating the building within Australia and the systems include: Green star NABERS EnviroDevelopment At the completion of the master plan, the building should acquire a star rating or at least use the directions star rating offers to incorporate sustainability into the development. Preferably, the recommended star rating tools should consist of: Green Star-Office Design v3: this if for ensuring that environmental impacts were taken into account when designing the building as well as the documentation to certify these considerations. Green Star- Office As Built v3: This is used in certifying the construction and procurement of environmental initiatives of an office building. Green star-Office Interiors v1.1: In evaluating the environmental impacts of an interior fit-out.
This consists of matters like natural light, waste management, energy conservation, low emission paints as well as timber from sustainable forests (Oliver, 2009). Green Star Green Star is classified into nine segments that evaluate the environmental impact that is a direct result of a project site selection, design, construction in addition to maintenance.
These classifications are: Management Indoor Environmental Quality Energy Transport Water Materials Lands use and ecology Emissions Innovation These classifications are divided into credits and every credit has the likelihood of improving environmental performance. Points are granted in every credit for actions that illustrate that the project has complied with the general aims of Green Star. Once these are evaluated, the proportion score is calculated and Green Star environmental weightings are then applied, which differ all over Australia to indicate the diverse environmental concerns (Oliver, 2009). Design for Disassembly The present status of construction is very wasteful and maybe it might be difficult.
Nevertheless, steps can be taken to change from the present wasteful practices to a more closed-loop system. This is where Design for Disassembly (DFD) comes in. Design for Disassembly refers to the deliberate effort when designing in order to maximize the potential for disassembly rather than demolishing the building completely or partly, to enable components to be reused and materials to be recycled after recovery.
For DFD to be effective DFD should be considered early within the design stage and the construction team should be informed of the DFD before the project is started. Below are the key principles for the design for disassembly as applicable to buildings: Utilize recycled and also recyclable materials Reduce the number of types of materials Avoid both toxic and risky materials Utilize lightweight materials and elements Offer typical and stable identification of material types Utilize an open building system with compatible parts Utilize modular design Avail access to each and every building components Reduce the number of fasteners and connectors Design joints and connectors to bear up recurring assembly and disassembly Maintain information on the building and its assembly procedure (William, 2009).
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