Land Administration Systems – Term Paper Example

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The paper "Land Administration Systems " is an excellent example of a term paper on politics. (LAS) comprise various components that facilitate and implement land policies in any country. Most countries have a system that applies and makes rules about land tenure operational. In nearly all countries, land administration systems evolve gradually from an extensive range of informal and formal systems. In the early 2000s, the United Nations came up with Millennium Development Goals a blueprint that required the countries and leading development institutions to support the development and mitigation of global challenges (Enemark, McLaren & Van Der Molen, 2010, p. 1).

Land Professionalism is one of the vital elements under MDG 7, and 8, and thus many countries have worked while others are still working to meet the measures. To integrate the strategies, the land administration system is an operational component. In most cases, non-single jurisdiction can have similar land administration systems due to differences in historical, cultural, and structural factors faced by each country. This report aims at comparing and contrasting land administration systems of two jurisdictions; Australia and Denmark. The selection of the two countries is based on the availability of data and by the fact that they are grouped together as developed countries.

The evaluation will also detail how administration promotes the transfer of land rights through sale, lease, inheritance, gift, loan, regulation of land and property development, conservation, generating revenues, taxation and resolving conflicts related to ownership, and so on. To get a comprehensive comparison and to contrast, it will note some of the underlying factors that promote the similarities and differences. 2.0 Justification for the selected evaluation criteria/framework Steudler’ s Land Administration Systems Evaluation Framework is applied in this report for some reasons.

First, the framework takes social, economic, and environmental issues into account and considers the various political, social, and administrative background of a country. Secondly, it provides some levels including policy, management, operational and external factors that make it easy for comparisons and identifies strengths and weaknesses between countries. Thirdly, the framework considers external factors as an element in the evaluation making it possible to compare countries acknowledging the impacts of social and cultural links that have a lot of implications.

Finally, the framework’ s evaluation areas focus on the role of different stakeholders with their different responsibilities making it easier to see the levels that are more effective and those that are lagging behind in land administration (Steudler 2004, p. 1). 2.1 Evaluation framework and its attributes Steudler’ s Land Administration Systems Evaluation Framework covers five areas that are further elaborated by its distinct aspects and possible indicators that show whether the area is detailed or not. The first area is the policy level. It is the first aspect; the land policy principles are indicated by the existence of government policy for the administration of land, list statements for administration system role, and highlight the existence of independent land board.

Existing formal recognition indicates the second, land tenure principles and legally defines land tenure, the security of tenure, and social and economic equity. The third, economic and financial factors are indicated by cost/benefit of tax revenue and fee structures, economic indicators and investment and funding structure.

References

Aien, A., Rajabifard, A., Kalantari, M., Williamson, I., & Shojaei, D. (2011). 3D cadastre in Victoria Australia. GIM International, 25(8), 16-21.

Bennett, R., Tambuwala, N., Rajabifard, A., Wallace, J., & Williamson, I. (2013). On recognizing land administration as critical, public good infrastructure. Land Use Policy, 30(1), 84-93.

Coffey, B., Fitzsimons, J. A., & Gormly, R. (2011). Strategic public land use assessment and planning in Victoria, Australia: four decades of trailblazing but where to from here?. Land Use Policy, 28(1), 306-313.

Enemark, S. (2010). The Evolving Role of Cadastral Systems in Support of Good Land Governance. The Digital Cadastral Map FIG Commission, 7.

Enemark, S., McLaren, R., & Van Der Molen, P. (2010). Land governance in support of the millennium development goals: a new agenda for land professionals. FIG Denmark.

Enemark, S., Wallace, J., & Rajabifard, A. (2010). Land administration for sustainable development. Redlands, CA: ESRI Press Academic.

Enemark, S., Williamson, I., & Wallace, J. (2005). Building modern land administration systems in developed economies. Journal of Spatial Science, 50(2), 51-68.

Steudler, D. (2004). A framework for the evaluation of land administration systems.

Wallace, J. (2010). Managing social tenures1. Comparative Perspectives on Communal Lands and Individual Ownership: Sustainable Futures, 25.

Williamson, I., Rajabifard, A., Wallace, J., & Bennett, R. (2011). Spatially enabled society.

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