Occupational Health Hazards – Term Paper Example

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The paper "Occupational Health Hazards" is a good example of a term paper on health sciences and medicine. This study analyzes the work-related health hazards for nursing technicians and nurses, the evaluation of different types and the number of hazards that occur throughout their careers in nursing. It also involves risk assessment and subsequent management of risk involved. As a place of work, hospitals can cause job-related health hazards to nursing technicians and nurses by using strength and physical energy in providing health care. Furthermore, there can also be some social and psychological hazards that do happen. Introduction It is increasingly becoming a common knowledge that health workers, particularly nursing technicians, and nurses are prone to a range of health hazards.

Several studies have shown that there is a need to identify factors that cause hazards and the strategies to avert them, so that, the workers’ health is not affected. Strain signs in nursing technicians and nurses are evident in many ways depending on the complexity of the task assigned. Undoubtedly, mental and physical fatigue is one of the frequent causes of strains. Nurses have generally involved in the organization the environment, coordination of the nursing staff, and material resources as well as the provision of care in complex procedures.

On the other hand, nursing technicians are primarily involved in the direct care of a patient that includes the administration of medication, hygiene, placing bandages, and changing them, etc. Some studies including Cassie’ s (2008) have shown that symptoms of intense psychological fatigue are common in nurses who occupy hierarchically higher positions than nursing technicians do. Possibly this is due to workloads that are associated with the position that is held in the process of labor.

The United Kingdom, which passed the HASWA act, and as of today defines the authority and structure for regulation, enforcement, and encouragement of workplace safety, welfare, and health within the United Kingdom. Therefore, it is a requirement in U. K. that those people employed in whatever form are aware of the hazards involved and how to manage them. It is also a prerequisite for many European countries, including the U. K., that an organization should carry out a satisfactory and appropriate risk assessment and this involves healthcare organizations (Lorient 2000). Background Over the years, there is a belief that work-related hazards have some undesirable effects on the safety and health of employees and the effectiveness of their respective organizations.

Not only do the public and the media reflect this belief, but professional and scientific organizations including trade unions and labor force also have the same belief. According to Karasek (2006) by nature, nursing is a stressful profession that requires strong-willed people. Every day nurses and their technicians confront death, suffering, and grief more than other people do.

It is not surprising that nurses and their technicians do experience a high level of stress. The hospitals' management responsibility for the health of nursing staff is always set within the structure of international and national laws that focuses on the cycle of control and risk management process (Phil, 2009). Work-related hazards Occupational hazards are aspects of situations at work or events that have the potential for harm. These hazards can be widely divided into physical and psychosocial hazards. Physical hazards include chemical, mechanical, microbiological, biomechanical, and radiological.

Psychosocial hazards on the other hand include are hazards that are related to work organization, job content interactions, management systems, organizational and environmental conditions, and workers' needs. Those things that prove to be harmful influence the health of workers through their experience and perception. Exposure to these hazards may threaten the physical and psychological health of an employee (Phil, 2009).

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