Sustainable Development: Water Resource Sustainability – Term Paper Example

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The paper "Sustainable Development: Water Resource Sustainability" is a great example of a term paper on environmental studies. The twenty-first century presents a uniquely complex group of problems to mankind. These include climate change, energy security, sustainable use of land, and fair progress. There are approximately nine billion human beings living, and to ensure they live decent lives, the priority must be a sustainable supply of fresh water, as well as foodstuffs, fiber, and energy – these are natural assets that form a foundation for the production of capital.

The attainment of global sustainability hinges on the ability to acquaint all areas of society with the importance of being mindful of the earth. This essay seeks to shed light on one of the major challenges facing the world today; the sustainability of water resources. Water is life, and without it, nothing could survive. About 70% of the human body is composed of water according to water. org (2011). Without water, our blood cannot circulate around the body, delivering oxygen and food to every cell. This scenario is the same for any animal life; plant life requires water for the same purpose – circulation of food.

That means, without water, plants cannot grow, animals would not be able to feed; no food, no water, means death. There is only one other resource as important as water in the universe, and that is air. Background Whether or not there will be sufficient water for future generations is difficult to predict due to the versatile and complex nature of the geography of water supply and utilization. Various numerical experiments have been done that mingle climate model outputs, water budgets and social and economic data gleaned from digitized river networks and these show that: A significant portion of the global population is presently in a situation of water stress and The increasing demand for water massively overshadows greenhouse warming in defining the status of worldwide water systems through to 2025. The examination of human influence on the status of universal water supply is not well defined yet may be a crucial factor in the broader global change issue (Vorosmarty, Green, Salisbury and Lammers, 2000). According to water. org (2011), the earth’ s surface is composed of somewhere between 70-75 percent water.

Underground aquifers store more freshwater than is found on the surface. The earth, being a closed system, neither loses nor gains extra matter therefore it is the same water that has been present for millennia that is present today. This amount is estimated at 326 million cubic miles of water. Human beings are able to utilize about three-tenths of a percent of this water i. e. that found in groundwater aquifers, rivers, and freshwater lakes. Scientific Implications The UN Comprehensive Assessment of the Freshwater Resources of the World (WMO 1997) estimated that about thirty percent of the global population was residing in areas that were believed to be water-stressed.

What is meant by this is that they were taking out in excess of 20% of accessible water. This document went further to broadcast that 67% of the world would be living in a similar condition by 2025. The rising concentration of greenhouse gases that are leading to climate change is liable to impact the capacity and scheduling of river flows and groundwater recharge which would in turn have a domino effect on numbers and distribution of populations hit by scarcity of water.


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