The paper "Posttraumatic Stress Disorder in Sexually Abused Children" is an excellent example of a term paper on psychology. Domestic violence against children has not reduced in prevalence in the last few years. The most devastating form of this abuse is characterized by the sexual molestation of children. The traumatic experience associated with sexual molestation sometimes develops into a chronic psychological problem referred to as PTSD. PTSD is characterized by three common symptoms: Hyperarousal, Intrusion, and Constriction. Hyperarousal is the body’ s alertness of conditions perceived as threats of the reoccurrence of trauma while intrusion is a fixation on the memory of trauma or the occurrence of vivid images of the trauma event.
The final symptom constriction is the state of blocking or dissociating with a past life. The study presented in this paper presents a literature review of the alternative interventions that can be used to assist children who have been sexually abused overcome PTSD experienced well after the traumatic event happened. It aims at providing the best intervention in PTSD cases involving sexually abused children. To effectively intervene in a PTSD case involving a sexually abused child any health practitioner must fully understand the condition and how it manifests itself.
Various scholars have studied the condition and come up with theories that enable social workers to understand PTSD more deeply and know the kind of intervention to apply in order to make sure children with the disorder return to normal psychological health. Several theories have been used to explain PTSD, as it is an old condition the theories that were originally used to try and understand PTSD are now referred to as the early theories of PTSD.
Contemporary theories that largely draw from older theories have been developed to explain the disorder in recent years. After analyzing the theories and empirical evidence about the various intervention strategies the cognitive-behavioral intervention was chosen as the best intervention option for the PTSD cases in sexually abused children. Theories of PTSD Stress Response theory was one of the first theories that tried to analyze PTSD. The theory proposes that people respond to trauma by having some kind of outcry and they later try to get used to the trauma (Brewin and Holmes, 2003).
Information overload is responsible for PTSD as the body tries to defend itself psychologically. People who have been traumatized avoid being reminded of the incident that caused the trauma. The theory of shattered assumptions argues that PTSD is a result of an individual’ s positive illusion of the nature of the world being broken. The core assumptions that make the world a better place according to Janoff-Bulman (1992) are: the world is Benevolent, the world is meaningful, and the world is self-worth. The theory proposes that the world follows a set of rules and those humans are well-meaning towards each other.
Any experience that happens and shatters this illusion may be traumatic to some individuals. The Conditioning theory of PTSD was originally developed for other disorders other than PTSD (Brewin and Holmes, 2003). The theory proposes that people’ s fear of a traumatic experience is decreased by repeated exposure to the trauma while avoidance of trauma only leads to non-extinction of PTSD.