The paper “ Grammar for English Teachers” is a spectacular variant of a term paper on English. Language is an instrument of communication among people. It is a well structured and special characteristic of human interaction. Language is a purely human and non-instinctive method of communicating ideas, emotions, and desires by means of a system of voluntarily produced symbols. Learning a new language involves such components as grammar, vocabulary, and phonology. It is necessary to make a distinction between two processes: acquiring and learning a language. The former can be defined as a subconscious process that is identical to the process children utilize in acquiring their first language. This essay takes a look at three grammatical errors committed by second language learners of English (ESL).
The analysis of the paper will be based on observing Form Four students of a boarding school in Kuantan. For their grammatical errors to be identified, samples of their written work under the genre of narrative writing are also analyzed. Subsequently, the errors are recorded and classified based on types and forms of errors such as the wrong or inappropriate uses of, phonetics, Nouns, Verbs, Adjectives (Parts of Speech), and Tenses.
In addition, this paper provides useful information as well as the analysis and discussion on various errors which are commonly found in narrative writing. The results of this small scale study may be useful for extended research in the field of Error Analysis especially on ESL learners in boarding schools. 2.0 Analysis of three features of grammar 2.1 PhoneticsThis is one of the areas in grammar that mostly deals with the medium of speech. Phonetics thus deals with the transmission, production, and reception of the human speck.
In order for speech to be produced, the one will need air streams. Speech sounds are thus very broadly divided into two areas, known as consonants and vowels; these are the main features of phonetics. For example, if we say that the English word shoe, we are able to realize that the word is made up of two sounds, this is the shand one. However, in the same line, when we produce the sound that is represented by the letters shin slow motion, we are able to realize the air escapes through the mouth with friction.
The difference is that when we produce the word oe the air moves out of the mouth freely. The sounds that we herewith friction are known as consonants, while the sounds that we hear without friction are known as vowels. For ESL learners, this can prove to be a challenge as well and we find them making a lot of mistakes in a word like a car where one will pronounce the c with K and ar ending with a rrrr. Consonants explainedWhen describing consonants we usually take into account, whether the consonant is voiced or it is voiceless, the other thing that matters with regard to consonants will be the way the person articulates.
This is the structure that is involved and nasal, fricative, or plosive. Such are the labels that are given to consonants with regard to the articulation manner. With this regard, it is usually difficult for ESL learners to embrace consonants with regard to English due to the influence of their mother tongue.
The manner that they articulate will always depend on the way that their first language is articulated. Consonants are thus described with regard to different places of articulation. The label that is commonly used is an adjective from the name that is derived from a passive articulator. For example, dental, retroflex, and glottal.
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