Features of Adolescent Development in the Context of Cognitive Learning Theory, Modern Information Technologies, and Individual Socioeconomic Status – Term Paper Example
The paper "Features of Adolescent Development in the Context of Cognitive Learning Theory, Modern Information Technologies, and Individual Socioeconomic Status" is a wonderful example of a term paper on psychology. Adolescence is a period in the development of human beings whereby the child transitions from childhood to adulthood. This period can be subdivided into early adolescence, middle adolescence, and emerging adulthood. Early adolescence is the initial stage of puberty and is characterized by the development of breasts, growth of under-arm hair, beginning menstruation and body odor in girls. In boys, there is the growth of pubic hair, body odor and so many more. This stage is characterized by behavioral changes, like irritability and mood swings. This will result in a lack of concentration which in turn will lead to poor performance. There is a lot of teasing due to the physical changes hence also affecting academic performance. According to Jose Carmona eta, students showed dissatisfaction about their bodies in this stage Middle adolescence is characterized by romantic fantasies by both the male and female students. This will result in inadequate focus in class hence negatively affecting education. Early adulthood is characterized by students wanting to be more independent and these results to students not following rules or instructions due to their newly found autonomous nature resulting in poor academic performance in secondary schools.
Cognitive learning theory mainly focuses on the brain and explains why the brain is vital in the processing and general interpretation of information by human beings. According to Lauren B Resnick, the human mind now plays an integral part in education and scientific study. The cognitive learning theory can be divided into two; social cognitive theory and cognitive behavioral theory. This theory has a great influence on the planning and delivery of lesson instruction. Cognitive learning theorists believe that teaching and learning is a process in itself and learning mainly relies on the students’ conceptualization. It is discovered that the learning process mainly relies upon the students’ memory. Learning takes place based on what the student already knows as the teacher builds on what is not known. Therefore the planning and delivery of lesson instruction should mainly focus on introducing new ideas building on what the learner already knows.
Technology plays a major role in the understanding of various concepts in education. This has greatly resulted in a lot of teachers employing technological tools in their respective classes while teaching. These tools ease the passing of information by simplifying difficult concepts, reducing workload and also helping by giving out vivid or clear details about certain concepts in education that would be otherwise difficult to explain. Some of these technological tools include; calculating tools, these are mainly calculators used to simplify and solve difficult and long mathematical problems. There is also use of visual aids such as the use of computers, documentaries, and videos that are aimed at explaining certain aspects or concepts that are quite difficult and long and would be rather boring when explained by the teacher hence reduce class monotony. According to Oliver Falck, eta computers play a key role in effective learning in classes.
Socioeconomic status or SES mainly focuses on the social and economic aspects of an individual. This can either be high or low. Low socioeconomic status means that the individual lacks the ability or rather does not have the privileges and opportunities that those of higher status have hence will have a low-quality life. This low SES also affects the student in that the students will not be able to acquire certain privileges that certain students of higher status have. These privileges include; high-quality education in terms of proper books, well-trained teachers and the availability of adequate learning materials. This low SES stretches as far as stopping the students learning due to lack of fees. In a school, there are different individuals and as such, a proper teacher should know how to properly assess the situation and be able to be compassionate and understanding to these students. He or she should try to assist the student where necessary especially trying to make the student fit in with the rest of the class. According to Judy A Craft low SES students if given equal opportunities will perform equal to if not better than those of high socioeconomic status.