Key Features of Emergency Management – Term Paper Example

The paper "Key Features of Emergency Management" is a brilliant example of a term paper on management. Emergency management is a wide term or a generic name that refers to an interdisciplinary field that deals with organizations’ strategic management processes that are used to protect vital assets of other organizations from hazardous risks that may even lead to disasters or catastrophes (Sugihara, 2006). These organizations’ strategic plans also ensure that the organizations’ continuance is achieved their planned lifetime. Emergencies, catastrophes, and disasters are not ramping since they are distinctively separated by the emergency response applicable to their occurrence. Disasters are events and are distinguishable from daily emergencies by four factors including disaster make organizations to lose their normal autonomy. Secondly, emergency leads the organization into some additional interaction with other organizations than in normal days; disaster leads to a reduction in performance standards of the affected organization. Finally, disasters increase organizations to have an increased public sector/private relationship (Nazzaro, 2010).
Catastrophes are considered as disasters that affect persons in the wide locality. For instance, destruction of community structures; thus, affecting the operation of the local officials. Catastrophes functions sharply interfere and affect the normal operation of the community, and they create situations that cannot be handled by the nearby communities (Sugihara, 2006). Assets that are subject to such unexpected or unplanned scenarios can be either in the form of living things, non-living things economic or cultural assets. Resulting disasters may be manmade or are because of natural occurrences; therefore, the entire strategic management process requires resources preparedness and a well stipulated strategic plan in order to reduce risks that may occur from a disaster (DIANE Publishing Company, 1995).
Emergency management is often a strategic process and is never a tactical process; therefore, it resides within the organizations’ executive level. However, the executive has no direct power, but to coordinate or advise on the functions of the organization to ensure that the entire emergency organization is focused on a common interest or goal. It is worth noting that, Effective Emergency Management depends on the thorough integration of emergency plans within the entire levels of organizations. Moreover, the management usually aims at creating an understanding that the organization’s lower levels are responsible for the management of the emergency. However, they are mandated to acquiring additional assistance and resources from the upper levels management (Nazzaro, 2010).
Suppressing wildfire is never a small task, especially when it has occurred as an emergency and it needs quick attention or response (Sugihara, 2006). Notably, firefighting efforts require a different technique, training, and equipment since fire outbreak are ever of different structure and magnitude. Additionally, the population present at the scene or the openness of the fire area affects the firefighting process considerably. Therefore, the city's Fire Department should not be a mandate for all firefighting in the United States. As already been stated, a different form of fire outbreaks require different expertise; thus, United States fire department should have a different department with different but relevant expertise in fighting all kinds of fire outbreak (Sugihara, 2006).   
Fire is an emergency that is well handled by firefighting organizations. The main aim of the firefighting organization is to fight the fire; therefore, the firefighting organizations are never mandated “with specific tasks to function immediately before, during, and after an emergency.” The reason why this may not be appropriate is explaining the tasks before and after the emergency since their tasks should be only or majorly during the (DIANE Publishing Company, 1995) firefighting course. Firefighting firms deal with all kinds of fires, and they are never mandated to fight some specific fires. Therefore, they are ever prepared for all kinds of fire. After their operation, they pack their belongings and leave; they have nothing to do with the operation after firefighting. However, they have a specific task of fighting any fire outbreak (Nazzaro, 2010).
Policies are the best way to manage an organization since it through the policies that the organizations understand its mandate and to what extent it should apply its mandates (Nazzaro, 2010). In addition, the management can effectively apply the same policies in allocating the required resources that would enhance the operations of the organization. Therefore, deciding policies managing the organization or the fire department must involve other authorities including the lawmakers, but with the close consultation with the fire department (DIANE Publishing Company, 1995).
There are numerous requirements that must be looked into for smooth emergency management. Some of these requirements include deciding policy, assessing the threat, selecting crisis team personnel, locating crisis management center, equipping the crisis center, testing contingency plans and emergency procedure, and training crisis team (Sugihara, 2006). However, not all of these can be applied at once in the management of these emergency organizations. In the case of firefighting organization, it would be vital to effect the following requirements for quality service scenarios: training the crisis team and testing the contingency plans and the formulated procedures. These will ensure that the firefighters have the required skills and expertise required for their job. Additionally, the top management should ensure that the center is adequately equipped with efficient and relevant machines for fighting a fire.
Even though there are requirements to be looked into for effective management of disasters, the firefighting organizations do not need to indulge some requirements in the list of requirement since they seem irrelevant. A fire emergency is a spontaneous disaster that requires the same impulse of reaction towards managing the same. It would be unnecessary to have some requirements like assessing the threat (DIANE Publishing Company, 1995). Once the management starts behaving in this manner, the fire shall have consumed the entire city. This kind of requirement needs a slow but steady growing disaster such as the effects that might result after an earthquake.