Earth Science: Earthquake and Disaster Management – Term Paper Example

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The paper " Earth Science: Earthquake and Disaster Management ' is a perfect example of a term paper on science.   An earthquake is said to occur as a result of the abrupt release of energy from the crust of the earth which creates seismic waves (Bou-Rabee & VanMarcke 2001). They may also be referred to as quakes, temblors, or tremors, and their frequency, size, and type usually vary from one geographical location to another. Earthquakes are usually of varying magnitudes, depending on the amount of energy released from the crust of the earth.

The higher the magnitude of an earthquake, the higher the damage it is likely to cause in an area, depending on its depth. A shallow earthquake is known to cause more damage to structures appearing on the surface of the earth. Earthquakes are usually seen on the earth's surface when they either shake or displace the ground. They may cause many disasters such as tsunamis, volcanic activities, and landslides among others. In a general sense, an earthquake is said to be any seismic activity or event, either be natural or caused by man, which generates seismic waves.

They are mostly caused by the rupture of geological faults but they may also be caused by activities such as nuclear activities or tests, mine blasts, landslides, and volcanic activity among others (Train 2009). It is important to note that the study of earthquakes is important due to a number of reasons. Earthquakes are known to be very disastrous and hazardous, killing people, plants and animals, while destroying property and structures found on the earth’ s surface. Research shows that current instruments and technology have been able to detect that there are over 500,000 earthquakes that occur at different places all over the world yearly.

Out of these 500,000 earthquakes, more than 100,000 can actually be felt. This means that people must be prepared to deal with earthquakes and handle the effects of them in case they occur. Earthquakes are dangerous since they lead to loss of life and destruction of property. This study is important because it analyzes and discusses several issues related to earthquakes that can be useful in helping people to understand earthquakes and how to deal with them.

It is also important to study earthquakes because people can be able to deal with their disastrous nature. This essay will review several literatures on earthquakes, focusing particularly on Kuwait, with the aim of understanding the disastrous nature of earthquakes, their background, types, and how to deal with them. LITERATURE REVIEW 2.0 Kuwait’ s Geographic Location Kuwait, a sovereign Arab state, is located in Western Asia, in the north-east side of the Arabian Peninsula (Abdalla, Mohamedzein & AbdelWahab 2001). Kuwait is bordered by other Arabian countries such as Saudi Arabia to the south and Iraq to the north.

The area covered by the country is approximately 6,880 square miles (17,820 square kilometers) and its population is approximately 3.5 million people as of 2010. Kuwait lies in the north-east corner of the Arabian Peninsula and in terms of land area, it is considered one of the smallest countries in the world. Kuwait lies between longitudes 46° and 49° E and latitudes 28° and 31° N (Tavakoli & Ghafory-Ashtiany 1999). The country is mostly covered by sandy and flat Arabian Desert.

The capital city of Kuwait is known as Kuwait City. Generally, the country is very low lying. The highest point in Kuwait is 1004 feet (306 meters) above sea level. Kuwait is made up of nine islands that are all inhabited, except Failaka Island. The largest of these islands is the Bubiyan Island, measuring 330 square miles (860 square kilometers). The latitudes and longitudes of the country make it experience very hot summers between June and September. The winters are usually cool and wet, with a lot of cloudbursts being experienced.

The geographical experience of Kuwait makes it highly vulnerable to hailstorms and thunderstorms, especially during the months of November, March, and April.

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