Access to Education and Training as a Way of Promoting Equality of Opportunity – Term Paper Example

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The paper "Access to Education and Training as a Way of Promoting Equality of Opportunity" is an excellent example of a term paper on education.   Education performance varies largely between high and low socioeconomic groups in many countries. The achievement disparity can be attributed to opportunities and resources. The scarcity of employment opportunities or jobs is usually at the core of the challenge of social exclusion and deprivation. However, the inability to access training and educational programs is the major factor. Low levels of schooling or the absence of formal training contribute to the disparity of integration into the job market.

The significance of education is not limited to offering youths access to a decent living; the admission of disadvantaged groups to training and educational training programs is part of a big step towards promoting the educational process throughout a person’ s life, the critical condition not only for durable job market integration but also active and full citizenship. Education investment yields long-term effects permitting one to eradicate the transmission of poverty from one generation to another. Education equality leads to high standards of living and improved access to housing and health care.

Knowledge through education empowers citizens to be able to make wise decisions. Access to education is a way that can be effectively used to promote equality of opportunity in today’ s Australia. An empowered generation through the provision of education can access the job market will a lot of ease and access basic amenities through economic empowerment. An informed population reduces to a great level the chances of social inequality due to socioeconomic status. Students from rural areas are likely to quit school as compared to their counterparts in urban areas.

Education and training make people be well informed when it comes to making important decisions in life (Saunders, 2002). Basic hygiene and precaution are observed in order to maintain healthy standards. Promoting equal access to education and training will eradicate prejudices and stereotypes against certain communities as people embrace diversity. Opportunities in society can be aptly identified by people who are informed. Educated people who are well training have high chances of securing well-paying jobs and accessing health care, transport, housing, and insurance.

People who are educated and are informed know how to fight for their rights. Chances of educated people being marginalized are very minimal. Australian indigenous communities have been found to lag behind when it comes to access to education particularly beyond basic compulsory education. Chances of employment rise with the level of education attained. Manual jobs are performed by people with little or no education at all. The gap between the rich and the poor has escalated owing to inequality in access to education and training. People are empowered when they have the right training and education.

Studies have indicated that education success rates at school and post-school are to a large extent influenced by social class origins like the wealth of the parents, occupational status, aspirations, and education. Education inequality leads to employment inequality (Masella, 2006). The objective of the government fiscal and regulatory involvement is to control the parental advantage through assisting disadvantaged individuals to attain their desired education preferences and capabilities. Through making education outcomes to be more dependent on motivation, effort, and intelligence, government intervention, well implemented and targeted, can benefit the entire society.

References

Atkinson, R. & Davoudi, S. (2000). The concept of social exclusion in the European Union: context, Development, and possibilities, Journal of Common Market Studies, 38 (3): 427-448.

Hill, J., Le Grand, J. & Pichaud, D. (2001). Understanding Social exclusion, Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Saunders, P. (2002). The impact of unemployment on poverty, inequality and social exclusion, Saunders, Peter and Taylor, Richards (Eds), The price of prosperity: The economic and social costs of unemployment, Sydney: UNSW Press.

Spicker, P. (2007). The idea of poverty, Bristol: The Policy Press.

Masella, K. (2006). The negotiation table: The work of the NSW Aboriginal Education Consulting Group, Public Administration Today, 7: 32-36.

Caldwell, B. & Keating, J. (2004). Adding value to public education: An examination of the possibilities for public-private partnerships, Melbourne: Australian Council of Deans.

Karoly, L.A., Kilburn, R., & Cannon, (2005). Early childhood interventions, proven results, future promise, Melbourne: Rand Corporation.

Meer, J. (2007). Evidence on the returns to secondary vocational education, Education Review, 26: 559-573.

Saunders, P., Naidoo, Y. & Griffiths, M. (2008). Towards new indicators of disadvantage: Deprivation and social exclusion in Australia, Australian Journal of Social Issues, 43 (2): 167-175.

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