The paper "Modern Movement in Architecture" is an outstanding example of a term paper on architecture. The modern movement in architecture refers to a shift in the design of how new buildings were designed that are different from the traditional ways of construction. It refers to the modern art and architecture created in the late 19th and 20th centuries. The movement began in Europe in the year 1920 and spread to the United States. This paper will discuss in detail the modern movements that have taken place in architecture. It will first look at the overview of the modern movement that will look at its characteristics.
The paper will then look at how the modern movements differ from the traditional forms of architecture in terms of who ordered them and what they comprised. The paper will then critically compare the work of historian Sigfried Giedion and Le Corbusier. It will also look at how different their views are. Finally, the paper will come up with a conclusion taking into consideration the discussions that the authors presented. Overview of the modern movement Modernism is a concept that refers to the recent past, especially after the 2nd world war.
Modern movement involves a movement that comprises both artistic and architectural works that are unique and different from another historical precedent. The modern movement was started in the late 20th century and came into being due to changes in political and social arenas. It takes the form of movement, styles, and various designs. It was also brought about by technological innovation and creativity that created a revolution in design. In the 20th century, architects viewed the world in a new way because of the advancements in engineering and construction.
New products such as steel created new opportunities for the designers. Buildings were reinvented due to the creation of new manufacturing techniques. The modern architecture had the characteristic of simplicity and clarity. It relied on natural appearance and used machine aesthetics in enhancing their beauty. Another characteristic of modern architecture was that its architects expressed their views through the use of vocabularies. The architects took into consideration their functionalism and cost-efficiency. This is because it involved the tastes and preferences of the public making cost an important factor to consider.
The modern movement was different from the traditional forms in that the modern one took into consideration the needs of the working class and various people. In many countries, the modern movement was brought about by an expansion in economic base that led to more money being invested in architecture. The modern forms were rational, unlike traditional architecture that was created according to predetermined models. They allowed exploration of various possibilities which led to various designs and a range of architectural aesthetics.
The form upon which the structures were built was determined more by aesthetics rather than their utility and function. Buildings that were complex in nature were built because the designers integrated the above characteristics in building them. The traditional designs were associated with the tyrannies of the past while the modern ones were rational and did not depend on certain individuals. Before the 19th century, artists were required to accommodate the wishes of the period in regard to color, size, subject matter and techniques. The architecture was also commissioned by government officials, aristocrats, and wealthy individuals.
This is different from the modern movement that took into consideration the desires of various individuals and made the architecture available to the public for them to purchase. In the modern movement, the artists had the freedom to use different forms of media in making art. The modern movement that was developed in Europe comprised of simple surfaces that had no decoration. The architecture was different from the traditional one that comprised colors, patterns, and writings. The modern movement also engaged sculpture in their design, an example being the Catalina Baptist Church.
ReferencesJencks, Charles, Modern Movement in Architecture, London: Architectural Association, 2006.