Accumulation of Environmental Effects, Across the Global Systems – Term Paper Example

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The paper "Accumulation of Environmental Effects, Across the Global Systems "  is a delightful example of a term paper on environmental studies. Climate change has assumed dangerous proportions. Initially, climate change had been regarded as a scientific curiosity and was one of several environmental and regulatory issues. It has been termed the principal environmental issue of the contemporary world, according to the United Nations Secretary-General. As such, climate change constitutes the most harrowing challenge being envisaged by the regulators of the environment. Some of its more serious ramifications relate to the crises that are certain to arise in the areas of the economy, health and safety, food production, and security. As such, the greatest environmental issue of the 21st century is that of climate change.

There are a large number of scientists who sincerely believe that the world has reached a crucial stage, with regard to climate change and that this situation demands precipitate action. As a consequence, reducing carbon emissions has assumed paramount significance. From the national perspective, Australians firmly believe that climate change is a pressing issue that brooks of no delay.

In fact, there is widespread public support for imposing monetary penalties upon carbon emissions. Consequently, it is feared that several of the crucial stages that result in irreversible changes have already been crossed. These changes relate to the major ecosystems and the global climate system. It has been contended that ecosystems ranging from the Arctic tundra to the Amazon rainforest are on the very brink of permanent change, due to warming and drying. Several of the world’ s glaciers are retreating. Moreover, the downstream outcomes of diminished water supply will pose near-insurmountable problems for the generations of the future.

There has been a persistent accumulation of environmental effects, across the global systems that cannot be forestalled. Policy Issues The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCC) was ratified by the Australian Government on 30 December 1992. The principles promoted by this Convention underlie several of the Australian strategies and policy initiatives, regarding greenhouse gas emissions. The 1992 National Greenhouse Response Strategy was introduced as a strategic device that exemplified the long term commitment of Australia towards climate change. This trend changed in 1997, with the Australian Government’ s refusal to ratify the Kyoto Protocol.

This rejection was based on the perception that this Protocol would be unable to reduce greenhouse gases in the long run. The Australian Government refused to ratify the Kyoto Protocol, despite having been promised several significant concessions that accommodated its dependence on fossil fuels. As a compromise, the Australian Government introduced the National Greenhouse Strategy (NGS) in the year 1998. An integrated approach to climate change had been emphasized by the NGS, with respect to the Commonwealth, State, and Local governments. Moreover, the NGS promotes the participation of the community and industry in addressing climate change.

This strategy required organizations to improve their energy efficiency voluntarily, formulate sustainable land-use practices, and to facilitate the employment of best practice approaches towards greenhouse emissions. Furthermore, this strategy did not incorporate any price mechanism, such as the taxation of greenhouse gas emissions or emissions trading schemes. The NGS exhorted the various levels of the Government to implement voluntary initiatives to reduce reliance on technologies that produced greenhouse gases. It also called upon the Government to create carbon sinks to balance the emission of greenhouse gases.


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