Anthropology and Climate Change – Term Paper Example

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The paper "Anthropology and Climate Change" is a brilliant example of a term paper on anthropology. It is because of the warmth of the sun that life is possible on earth. While some portion of the sun rays bounces back to space, there is a portion that is trapped by a mass of delicately balanced gases up the atmosphere. The balancing gases collectively form a layer of insulation that protects Earth from being a frozen rock. This layer and balance have been tampered with by human needs and activities.

Because of man's needs that are met by various industrial and agricultural activities, the global average temperature has escalated to 0.7 degrees Celsius for the past 1000 years (Sponsel, 2011, p. 37-55). Extreme effects are now being realized around the globe as the atmospheric balance is disrupted. This essay discusses the argument between human needs and the anthropological sciences of environmental protection. It presents an overview of anthropological theories and arguments of environmental protection against human needs. The final part will view the use of renewable sources of energy as one of the most effective anthropological perspective solutions to climate change. A big number of climate change analysts have augmented the idea that human activities are the immediate causes of atmospheric imbalance.

Murphy & Timbal (2008, 859-879) have argued that the conservation of the environment, biodiversity, and ecological processes can be achieved through the use of conservation and sustainable development programs. Brosius (2006, 683-685) argues that as much as climate change depends on biology and scientific knowledge, its control depends on demographics, cultures, economics, and politics. On the other hand, human forces that shape the environment are necessary for understanding climate change (Head et al.

2014, p. 175-195). However, since most of these critics argue from an anthropological point of view without scientific evidence, scientists have made more strong efforts to rebut their arguments. By and large, the scientific community has discredited such arguments making it an issue of global concern. The debate formulated from this kind of argument is whether climate change is artificial or instinctive. Simply put, climate change is more of a human problem than a natural problem. The global challenges of climate change are framed by and rooted in the cultural habits and social institutions.

While climate change poses a global impact, its intensification will demand the use of huge public expenditures for emergency aid. This brings us to the generalized knowledge that the social adaptations and solutions for this problem require insight and knowledge mostly from social sciences and humanities. According to a report published by the American Anthropological Association in 2015, the source of current environmental challenges is generated by the cultural and social choices that exist at the societal level (Head et al.

2015, p. 175-197).

References

Australia (2015). Climate Change Retrieved from http://www.climatechange.gov.au/

Brosius, J.P., 2006. The common ground between anthropology and conservation biology. Conservation Biology, 20(3), pp.683-685.

Ellen, R.F., 2001. Environment and anthropology. Encyclopedia of the Social & Behavioral Sciences. pp. 4556-4650.

Head, L., Adams, M., McGregor, H.V. and Toole, S., 2015. Climate change and Australia. Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Climate Change, 5(2), pp.175-197.

Hughes, T.P., Baird, A.H., Bellwood, D.R., Card, M., Connolly, S.R., Folke, C., Grosberg, R., Hoegh-Guldberg, O., Jackson, J.B.C., Kleypas, J. and Lough, J.M., 2003. Climate change, human impacts, and the resilience of coral reefs. Science, 301(5635), pp.929-933.

Igoe, J., 2010. The spectacle of nature in the global economy of appearances: Anthropological Engagements with the spectacular mediations of transnational conservation. Critique of Anthropology, 30(4), pp.375-397.

Murphy, B.F., and Timbal, B., 2008. A review of recent climate variability and climate change in southeastern Australia. International Journal of Climatology, 28(7), pp.859-879.

Rappaport, R.A., 1967. Ritual regulation of Environmental Relations among a New Guinea people. Ethnology, 6(1), pp.17-30.

Reichel-Dolmatoff, G., 1976. Cosmology as ecological analysis: a view from the rain forest. Man, pp.307-318.

E., 1994. "Gender Population, Environment" Middle East Report 190 (190): 2-5. Warren Hern 1992. "Family Planning, Amazon Style." Natural History 101 (12): 30-37.

Sponsel, L.E., 2011. The religion and environment interface: Spiritual Ecology in ecological anthropology. Environmental Anthropology Today. Routledge, New York, pp.37-55.

Warner, K., Ehrhart, C., Sherbinin, A.D., Adamo, S. and Chai-Onn, T., 2009. In search of shelter: Mapping the effects of climate change on human migration and displacement. In search of shelter: mapping the effects of climate change on human migration and displacement. pp. 60.

Wilk, R., 2002. Consumption, human needs, and global environmental change. Global environmental change, 12(1), pp.5-13.

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