The paper "Analysis of a Landscape in the Sphere of Ecology" is a good example of a term paper on agriculture. Landscape, in the sphere of ecology, refers to the myriad of interrelated elements such as ecosystems. Specifically, it refers to an area of land at any given scale, containing a pattern that can be affected by the ecological process. Landscape ecology is the study of various landscape patterns in the world and how they interact and change over a given period. To be precise, it entails the composition, function, and structure of different types of landscapes across the world.
The study of landscapes focuses on spatial heterogeneity, the role of people in creating and affecting the landscapes as well as broader spatial extents (Forman & Godron, 1986). Landscape ecology has gained rapid recognition in recent years owing to its importance in understanding the different landscapes in the world. Particularly, this field of study has helped the land-use planners as well as landscape items in facilitating their work. Darmstadt states, “ Landscape ecology, the ecology of large heterogeneous areas, of landscapes, of regions, or portions thereof, or simply of land mosaics, have increasingly appeared on the palette (2006).
Nowadays, landscape ecology has become a powerful discipline that can contribute to the study of complex fields such as biology, physical geography, or ecology in its broadest sense. Landscape ecology follows important principles. These principles are landscape composition, function, change, and structure. The composition entails the genetic configuration of populations, their nature in terms of identity, and the range of species in a particular ecosystem. It also looks at the various varieties of societies in the area.
The principle of structure embroils the diversity of habitat patches or ecologies, as well as their patterns. It also involves the scope and organization of patches or ecologies together with the structure of pools in a river, problems, and felled trees in a forested expanse, and vertical layering of vegetation. The function encompasses the climatic, geographical, ecological, and evolutionary progressions like seed dispersal and the flow of the gene. Lastly, change comprises of the perpetual condition of flux existing in ecologies (Forman & Godron, 1986). Landscape ecology plays an important role in the field of geography.
It helps solve problems that no other field of study can decipher. For instance, landscape ecology aids in identifying the impact of global weather changes and consequently contributes to finding the solutions. It also contributes to the effective management of woodlands and species conservation. The need for ecosystem investigation has grown rapidly as data collection and analysis options are on the increase. Landscape ecology focuses on the identification and investigation of land usage. Further, it contributes towards identifying how humans use their land for various economic activities including agricultural science and urban development.
Of note, land usage may affect the migration of some animal species. Thus, landscape ecology becomes an important field of study in order to avoid environmental problems. Landscape ecologists help in identifying proper forest management techniques. This field of study has also led to the construction of many models that help to predict forest patterns in the face of rapid climatic changes and human activities in protected areas. Landscape ecology has also facilitated and helped forest managers make decisions on measures to take in the event an ecological problem occurs.
Forman, T., and Godron, W (1986). Landscape ecology. John Wiley, New York.
Beardsell, C.M. (1996). Vegetation community survey & sites of botanical significance. Yarra Valley Parklands: Burke Road to the Plenty River. Environmental Report Series No. 5. Parks Victoria.
Dramstad, W. (2006). Landscape Ecology Principles in Landscape Architecture and Land-use Planning. Connecticut: Island Press.
Ecology and Heritage Partners. (2013). Flora, Fauna, and Net Gain Assessment for the Eastern Golf Club, Doncaster, Victoria. Retrieved fromhttp://parkweb.vic.gov.au/__data/assets/pdf_file/0006/313467/Yarra-Valley-Parklands-Management-Plan.pdf
Strathenwel Landcare. Key Threatened Species. Retrieved from http://www.strathewenlandcare.org.au/files/Threatened_species_information.pdf