The paper "Aboriginal Health Issue of Australia" is an excellent example of a term paper on history. Aboriginal people were the original inhabitants of Australia before British Captain Cook and his crew arrived. These people are among the original descendants of the first known human inhabitants of Australia and the nearby islands. Aboriginal people and the other Indigenous Australians, the Torres Strait Islanders, make approximately 2.4% of Australia's population. The Aboriginal people are located at the mainland of Australia in the regions Tasmania and adjacent islands. The Indigenous people of Australia usually experience poorer health compared to the rest of the population (Anne 2005, p.
124 - 164). This inequality mainly is due to the disadvantage and higher psychosocial risk factors which leads to a wide range of health problems. These health inequalities arise and accumulate from a lifetime of disadvantage related to inadequate access to appropriate social, legal and economic support and the physical infrastructure. However, these inequalities vary in their effect through various NHPA diseases and conditions. Diabetes, as an example, is disproportionately and a major cause of mortality and morbidity in Aboriginal Australians which translates to future mothers.
The definition of aboriginal health is diverse and includes cultural security, a good environment, poverty-free (socio-economic) and the physical wellbeing (Gordon 2003, p. 43 - 79). The cultural security usually deals with the commitment that the construct and provision of services offered by the health system will not compromise the legitimate cultural rights, views, values and expectations, appreciation and response to the impact of cultural diversity on the utilization and provision of effective clinical care, public health and health systems administration (Michael 2000, p.
54 – 112). During the period of the nineteenth century, the Western health model was developed; this was to the response to the medical knowledge of that period. The main basis of this idea was due to the idea that humanity was part of nature and so its medical needs could be studied in the same way as that of nature. This kind of health model was successful during the identification of the main causes of illness and death because of frequent accidents and infections at that time.
This model also proved that man feels sick from things that invaded his body or due to accidental damage. There is no such thing as in between when someone is ill, it is either healthy or sick. (Gary 1996, p. 10 – 14) As note by Norman (1999, p. 231 - 373) during the early, mid and adulthood period the health and sickness issues were a consequence of a collection of accumulated exposure to dangerous and risky factors through one life. This usually starts during pregnancy and fetus development, which then continues in infancy, childhood, and adolescence.
The approach that views Aboriginal health, which mostly focuses and concentrates on adult morbidity and prevention normally starts too late and misses opportunities to regulate the health issue early enough. Then we come to the question and ask what can be done for the Aboriginal to facilitate early intervention and the associated impacts? For this to happen Aboriginal women and women who are pregnant have to be healthy both emotionally and physically. Good access, attendance and provision of primary health care (prenatal) shows a huge difference to health of women who are at the age of childbearing and during the pregnancy and after the pregnancy; as well as the foetus during growth and development and the infant and young child (Ernest 1998, p.
68 - 96).