The paper “ Saving Indonesia Biodiversity through Ecotourism, Taman Nasional Tanjung Puting, Interesting Sites to Visit” is a perfect example of a presentation on tourism. Indonesia is a country with great biodiversity. It’ s a great destination for tourism with a lot of people visiting the archipelago islands annually. Despite this, Indonesia faces a threat of disappearing forests and the negative impacts of mass tourism. It is time for the world to uphold ecotourism to ensure sustainability in the environment and culture of this great archipelago island. Indonesia: Ecotourism havenFor those want to have the best experience in ecotourism, Indonesia offers the best destination.
The country is the largest archipelago with mega biodiversity. The country has over 16% of the world’ s reptiles and amphibians. There is 35% of the world's primate species, 17% of the world’ s birds and about 595 of the country is a tropical forest. This offers the top destination for ecotourism globally. At the moment, responsible travel to the national areas with an aim of conserving the environment has been trending. This is due to the need for tourism which is responsible and sound both socially and culturally.
Indonesia is one of the countries which have successfully branded itself as a top tourist destination worldwide. The country has beautiful beaches, rainforests, different animal species, coral reefs, and cultural diversity. Tourism has been a major contributor to the country's economic possibilities. Despite this, the government has been able to see the threat that tourism poses to the ecosystem, diversity and social-cultural life. This has led to call for ecotourism due to its conservation aspect (Ministry of Tourism and Creative Economy, 2015). It is evident that Indonesia presents the best destination for ecotourism.
It is also agreeable that the world has to shift from mass tourism to ecotourism. Ecotourism is highly developed in Indonesia. It is believed that the concept will help the country to compromise between the conservation aspect and sustainable utilization of resources. Through ecotourism, is possible to balance the use of the local economy without having to compromise the existing ecosystem. Ecotourism has the ability to enable travelers to learn and interact with nature and local people with minimal interruptions (Ministry of Tourism and Creative Economy, 2015). The concept of ecotourism started becoming important in 1995.
This is through a seminar that was hosted by WALHI in Bogor and Pact-Indonesia. This led to the formation of the Indonesian Ecotourism Society in 1996. Indonesia has over 50 national parks which range from rain forests, mountains, rivers, and endemic species. Of all Indonesia national parks, 6 are world heritage sites. The country has a total of 9 parks which are largely marine. In 2009, Indonesia came up with Eco-Guide. The main aim was to help in enhancing ecotourism by having well-qualified guides and enhanced ecotourism (Mendez & Gunawan, 2011). Taman Nasional Tanjung Putting (Kalimantan)This is one of the first efforts on ecotourism in the country.
This was carried out between 1990 and 1997. The national park has eight eco-lodges that employ 80% of their workers from the local communities. The local communities have been benefiting a lot from ecotourism through boat rental, selling handcrafts and acting as guides. The locals have shifted from logging activities that destroy the ecosystem. The change of activities has led to better incomes where parents have been able to educate their children.