Best Practice to Prevent Racism Against Muslim Women in Australia – Research Proposal Example

Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing

The paper "Best Practice to Prevent Racism Against Muslim Women in Australia" is a good example of a research proposal on social science. Racism affects people from all cultures and religions. In Australia, for being a Muslim, a woman is racially abused every 20 minutes according to data released by Islamic Women’ s Welfare Council of Victoria as established by Muslim women for Muslim women (Dunn & Kamp, 2013). This concern shows that there is a need to succinctly find the best practice that prevents racism Muslim women face in Australia. According to White Ribbon (2014) (as cited in Wise, 2017), racial abuses directed to Muslim women need to be addressed.

Taking a case study on culturally and linguistically diverse (CALD) backgrounds in Australia, White Ribbon (2014) observed that cases of racial abuses have increased by at least 15 percent between 2010 and 2014 and if policy framework that addresses the problem is not ratified Muslim women will continue to be vulnerable and face violence and challenges when accessing different services. Currently, measures that have been put in place by institutions such as the Australian Muslim Women’ s Centre for Human Rights (AMWCHR) have not provided a specific practice that can prevent instances of racism against women in Australia (AMWCHR, 2001).

Currently, policy formulations outlined by different institutions make attempts of preventing racism against Muslim women in terms of promoting a human rights perspective to deal with issues of disadvantage and inequality (Australian Human Rights Commission, 2009). However, there is a need for formulation of practices that reflects the AMWCHR policy framework so that instances of racism against Muslim women can be treated from the perspective of victims and government in advocating for equality within the context of Australian.

The objective of the research project is to provide a critical analysis of a systematic review that addresses best practices to prevent racism from Muslim women in Australia. Literature Review The recent entrance of Federation of Ethnic Communities’ Councils of Australia (FECCA) as one of the bodies entrusted with the elimination of racism in Australia has noted women, particularly from Islamic religion continue to grapple with an instance of racism (Berman, 2008). According to data released by Challenging Racism Project: the Anti-Racism Research Project (2011) (as cited in Ewart et al.

2016), at least 45 percent of Muslim women have faced instances of racism. This position was supported by the annual Scanlon Foundation Surveys when they researched on ‘ Mapping Social Cohesion (Poynting & Mason, 2006). According to the research, there were at least 10 incidences of racist attacks towards Muslim women every 20 minutes in Australia between 2010 and 2013. The researchers noted that while Australia was implementing policies including the introduction of ‘ large measure of acceptance of groups once stigmatized’ , the level of negative feeling towards Muslim women was still high in Australia.


Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS)Abs, 2011. Census of Population and Housing, Australian Bureau of Statistics, 2011.

Australian Human Rights Commission.(2009). Annual Report 2008–2009. Australian Human Rights Commission.

Australian Muslim Women’s Centre for Human Rights (AMWCHR) (2001). Race, Faith and Gender: Converging Discriminations Against Muslim Women in Victoria: The Ongoing Impact of September 11, 2001, Final Report, 2008.

Berman, G., (2008). Victorian Equal Opportunity and Human Rights Commission & Victorian Multicultural Commission.. Harnessing diversity: addressing racial and religious discrimination in Preventing race-based discrimination and supporting cultural diversity in the workplace.

Bertone, S., Leahy, M., & Doughney, J. (2005). Equal Opportunity in the Victorian Public Sector: Working towards Equity in Cultural Diversity. Victoria University, Work and Policy Research Unit. School of Applied Economics.

Centre for Advocacy, Support and Education for Refugees (CASE), (2014).Submission to the Finance and Public Administration References Committee: Domestic Violence in Australia, CASE.

Costello, S. (2015). Female genital mutilation/cutting: risk management and strategies for social workers and health care professionals. Risk management and healthcare policy, 8, 225.

Dandy, J., & Pe-Pua, R. (2015). The refugee experience of social cohesion in Australia: Exploring the roles of racism, intercultural contact, and the media. Journal of Immigrant & Refugee Studies, 13(4), 339-357.

Dunn, K. M., & Kamp, A. (2013). The hopeful and exclusionary politics of Islam in Australia: looking for alternative geographies of ‘Western Islam’. Muslim Spaces of Hope: Geographies of Possibility in Britain and the West West'Geographies of possibility in Britain and the West'Geographies of Possibility in Britain and the West.

Dunn, K., Atie, R., & Mapedzahama, V. (2016). Ordinary Cosmopolitans: Sydney Muslims’ attitudes to diversity. Australian Geographer, 47(3), 281-294.

Every, D., & Perry, R. (2014). The relationship between perceived religious discrimination and self‐esteem for Muslim Australians. Australian Journal of Psychology, 66(4), 241-248.

Ewart, J., Pearson, M., & Healy, G. (2016). Journalists’ and Educators’ Perspectives on News Media Reporting of Islam and Muslim Communities in Australia and New Zealand. Journal of Media and Religion, 15(3), 136-145.

Forrest, J., Elias, A., & Paradies, Y. (2016). Perspectives on the geography of intolerance: Racist attitudes and experience of racism in Melbourne, Australia. Geoforum, 70, 51-59.

Lovat, T., Mitchell, B., Nilan, P., Hosseini, S.A.H., Cook, B., Samarayi, I., Mansfield, M., Australian Muslim Jobseekers (October 2011): Labour Market Experience, Job Readieness and the Relative Effectiveness of Employment Support Services, A Research Report, The University of Newcastle Australia.

Maxwell, H., Foley, C., Taylor, T., & Burton, C. (2013). Social inclusion in community sport: A case study of Muslim women in Australia. Journal of Sport Management, 27(6), 467-481.

McWhae, L. E., Paradies, Y., & Pedersen, A. (2015). Bystander antiprejudice on behalf of Muslim Australians: The role of ethnocentrism and conformity. Australian Community Psychologist, 27(1).

Multicultural Centre for Women’s Health (MCWH) (2014). Submission to the Australian Senate’s Finance and Public Affairs Administration References Committee into domestic violence in Australia.

Patton, C. (2017). Faith, Space, and Negotiated Subjectivities: Young Muslims in Suburban Australia. Identities and Subjectivities, 193-214.

Perry, B. (2014). Gendered Islamophobia: hate crime against Muslim women. Social Identities, 20(1), 74-89.

Poynting, S., & Mason, V. (2006). “Tolerance, freedom, justice and peace”?: Britain, Australia and anti-Muslim racism since 11 September 2001. Journal of intercultural studies, 27(4), 365-391.

Poynting, S., & Noble, G. (2004). Living with racism: The experience and reporting by Arab and Muslim Australians of discrimination, abuse and violence since 11 September 2001. Report to the HREOC, Centre for Cultural Research, University of Western Sydney.

Small, R., Roth, C., Raval, M., Shafiei, T., Korfker, D., Heaman, M., ... & Gagnon, A. (2014). Immigrant and non-immigrant women’s experiences of maternity care: a systematic and comparative review of studies in five countries. BMC pregnancy and childbirth, 14(1), 152.

Syed, J., & Pio, E. (2010). Veiled diversity? Workplace experiences of Muslim women in Australia. Asia Pacific Journal of Management, 27(1), 115-137.

Wise, A. (2017). The Long Reach of the Riots: Denying Racism, Forgetting Cronulla. Journal of Intercultural Studies, 38(3), 255-270.

Women’s Council for Domestic and Family Violence Service (WCDFVS), (2006). A call for national women’s safety plan to address domestic and family violence.

Zempi, I., & Chakraborti, N. A. (2015). ‘They Make Us Feel Like We’re a Virus’: The Multiple Impacts of Islamophobic Hostility Towards Veiled Muslim Women.

Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
Contact Us