Concept of Sustainable Transport – Research Proposal Example

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The paper "Concept of Sustainable Transport  "  is a  remarkable example of a research proposal on social science. The world today has many environmental, economic, and social problems that threaten to wipe out mankind from the face of the earth. Among these many problems are those that result from the use of fossil fuels in what is known as unsustainable transport. Many people blame fossil fuels for air pollution, water pollution, acid rain, ozone layer depletion, global warming, and climate change that are major problems in the world today. Fossil fuels when burnt produce carbon dioxide, oxides of sulfur, nitrogen, heavy metals, and organic compounds which are very bad pollutants of soil, air, and water.

The implication for this is that unsustainable transport threatens the existence of life on earth (Ryan, Turton, 2007, 45). It is dangerous to the existence of man, plants, and animals. Sustainable transport that involves the use of clean fuels should replace the current form of transportation. Sustainable transport has the capacity to solve the current economic, social, and environmental problems in the world. However, the long time use of fossil fuels and the economic benefit that different nations obtain from it makes it hard for people to adopt sustainable transport despite its benefits.

Many governments and people involved in the production, trade, and consumption of fossil fuels are aware of the problems they cause. Their failure to accept that sustainable transport could be a better option has been the main stumbling block in its adoption (Rietveld,   Stough, 2005, 63). Literature Review With the current heavy reliance on fossil fuels and other unsustainable means of transport, sustainable transport has not been adopted widely across the world (Banister, Button, 1993, 65).   There is a lot to be done by stakeholders in the transportation industry and governments in order to reduce the use of unsustainable transportation.

There is an obvious need for people all over to adopt sustainable transport. Cities have many problems with global warming. The world Resources Institute estimates that transport is responsible for 24.1% of the CO2 emitted all over the world (Green Energy Choice 2012). This is in spite of the fact that transportation is very crucial in local commuting, connecting cities on the globe, and helping people interact for economic purposes.

The best solution for maintaining interactions at the local, national, international, and regional levels in a manner that enhances sustainable development has not been discovered. Currently, stakeholders in various countries have not succeeded in coming up with an elaborate strategy for sustainable transportation systems (Australian Government 2010). Many conferences organized at the international level, have made efforts to discuss sustainable transportation in the context of sustainable development. Examples include the 1992 Earth Summit of the UN at Rio de Janeiro, the Kyoto Convention that discussed climate change and the European Conference of Transport Ministers.

There have been many hurdles in the adoption of sustainable development policies and in particular those of sustainable transport. Despite these stumbling blocks and the other challenges experienced at the international level, there are many moves aiming at sustainable transport (Schiller, Bruun,   Kenworthy, 2010, 114). All over the world, researchers are making efforts to develop policies for sustainable transport while cities try to have these policies implemented. For anybody to plan for sustainable transportation systems, he should have realized that it is a complex undertaking with many uncertainties and options.

Governments are seeking to have policies that all the affected groups can accept without being forced (Rietveld & Stough, 2005, 113).


Australian Government (2010). Sustainable Transport. Retrieved 23 Aug. 2010 from

Banister, D. Button, K.J. (1993) Transport, the Environment, and Sustainable Development. Taylor & Francis.

Betts, K. (2005) Writing Essays and Research Reports in the Social Sciences. MIT Press.

Black, W.R. (2010). Sustainable Transportation: Problems and Solutions. Guilford Press.

Green Energy Choice (2012). Fossil Fuels: How Do They Negatively Affect the Environment? Retrieved 23 Aug. 2012 from

McDougal Littell (2006). Writing Research Reports. Routledge.

Rietveld, P., Stough, R. (2005). Barriers to Sustainable Transport: Institutions, Regulations, and Sustainability. Taylor & Francis.

Ryan, L., Turton, H. (2007). Sustainable Automobile Transport: Shaping Climate Change Policy. Edward Elgar Publishing.

Schiller, P.L., Bruun, E.C., Kenworthy, J.R. (2010) An Introduction to Sustainable Transportation: Policy Planning and Implementation. Earthscan.

Winkler, A., & Metherell, A. (2011). Writing the Research Paper: A handbook. JHU Press.

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