The paper "Improving Safety in the Design of Buildings in the UK" is a worthy example of a research proposal on engineering and construction. AIM: The aim of this proposal is to recommend better strategies for mitigating fire accidents in a building by taking a holistic approach to all fire strategies with respect to the outlined British building standards. OBJECTIVES: Identification of the major causes of fire accidents in the design of buildings including the spread by smoke leakage, thermal insulation, and integrity condition. Investigation of the strategies that have been adopted by architects to prevent fire occurrences and spread. Analysis of thermal actions on buildings based on fire experiments in relation to the layout of the section of the building and the related fire load. Ways of improving fire prevention strategies in a building by analyzing all possible failure modes which agree with the figures relevant and also fire safety objectives according to the British Standards. Incorporating the exit path of disabled people in the event of a fire. CONTENT: The reason for the study This study is inspired by the need to ensure the safety of building occupants.
The fire has been a major cause of deaths in buildings not only in the United Kingdom but all over the world.
In order to mitigate the number of deaths and injuries as a result of a fire breakout, better fire strategies ought to be established and enforced. The Worsley Hotel fire in London on the 13th December 1974 resulted in the death of seven people. In this incident, it was discovered that after the fire was ignited, one of the building occupants found the fire extinguisher but did not use it because he did not know how to use the equipment.
The easy spread of fire on the upper floors contributed to the death of the six residents of the building. Another recent incident in the United Kingdom is the 2009 Lakanal House tower block. In this incident, six people lost their lives while about twenty suffered serious injuries. The cause of the fire according to investigators revealed that despite the early warnings that the Lake House was a major risk as it could enhance fire spread if one of its flats caught fire; its planned demolition was halted in 1999 for unknown reasons.
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