Role of Non Govermental Organisations – Research Proposal Example
Step ment of Research Problem Surprisingly, Haiti and Cambodia have been reported to have the largest number of NGO’s in the world, which is fine if they were to play their roles accordingly. Furthermore, Haiti and Cambodia are very poor countries, which are affected by so many natural disasters that needs attention from the local and international well wishers. As such, the question of whether the frequent NGOs are beneficial to these poor states has attracted a lot of debate. Keeping in mind that the governments of Haiti and Cambodia have been alleged to be very corrupt, proponents of NGOs claim that there is no choice but to work through NGOs, which are allegedly more efficient. On the other hand, critics of NGOs claim that NGOs that operate in these countries are so powerful that they have built parallel states that are mightier than the country’s own governments (Córdoba 10).
The implication of this scenario is that Haiti and Cambodia can hardly develop because they are made to remain reliant in NGOs. Ideally, the NGOs critics have explained that, since the Governments of these countries have no money and they have historically relied on NGOs to provide essential services, then the governments lack incentive to commit themselves to development. It is therefore thought that pulling NGOs out would be a remedy to the problems that these countries have grappled with incessantly. However, the question that arises is whether the support of NGOs is really a good thing given that there are some organizations that provide services that are desperately needed by these countries (Córdoba 15).
Some analysts have proposed that some of the aid money should be channeled through the government, hence making the state more accountable spurring developments in these countries. However, according to Stupard, helping build houses in Haiti or spending time at an orphanage in Cambodia seems pretty ethically unequivocal, but this has actually caused bad impact of creating a market for orphans in the town (12). A trend has emerged whereby parents are renting their children out to hoodwink gullible tourists, which has heightened fraudulent orphanage.
Given that children’s right to privacy as specified in international law and that some NGO’s have insufficient child defense guiding principles, a crusade organized in Cambodia recommended that vocational training and community based programs should replace a direct visit to orphanages if any benefit is to be realized. Moreover, many NGOs that operate in these countries, especially those who deal with children, hardly perform screening of potential applicants; hence those who are helped are not really the ones who need help.
Does the presence of NGOs in Haiti and Cambodia really realize community’s welfare, or are they well-wishers simply helping the local breadwinners earn a living? Are skills and building materials sourced locally so they can be of benefit to traders in the community, or are they simply imported from abroad? The among other questions are noteworthy if the focus of the NGO’s is to improve the welfare of Cambodia and Haiti citizens. Although there are some NGO’s who have been engaged in addressing these issues, largely, the set-up of the free market has made it extremely hard to exercise moral volunteering. Essentially, the philosophy that forms the basis for many NGO’s is the root cause of much of this inefficient efforts to doing good and disreputable behavior (Stupart 10).
This paper is aimed at asking questions such as: Are NGO’s really beneficial to the states of Cambodia and Haiti? What are the impacts of NGO’s on orphans in Cambodia and Haiti? What are the effects of NGO’s on the commitments of the governments of Cambodia and Haiti? Should direct visits to orphans be abolished? Does the presence of NGOs in Haiti and Cambodia really realize community’s welfare? And, Are skills and building materials sourced locally so they can be of benefit to traders in the community?
Key concepts: (1) Role of NGOs (2) Corruption (3) State’s independence (4) Community welfare (5) Ethical volunteering
Step 2: Statement of Key Concepts
1) Role of NGO’s: It is believed that NGO’s are charged with the role of providing humanitarian services to communities that need help, for example those who are devastated by natural disasters and hence requiring urgent reprieve from well-wishers. However, critics of the volunteering services offered by these services have claimed that they are counterproductive because they prevent countries from developing since their services are disincentive to the government’s development commitment. Their role also encourages hypocritical orphanage in the society.
2) Corruption: corruption is the unethical act of misappropriating donor money by the government official, which prevents the aid from serving the purpose it was initially intended. These acts have made the work of NGO’s appear useless.
3) State’s independence: Independence of a state is whereby a sovereign state is left to independently make its decisions without being blackmailed, threatened, sanctioned or done any act that could discourage it from enjoying its sovereign status. Unfortunately, if a nation’s over relies on aids, there is a likelihood that it will be forced to lose its independence to the donor states.
4) Community welfare: Community welfare is whereby the members of a certain community are in a position to enjoy good status of living, for example if there are developments can can help them improve their living conditions. It is argued that many NGO’s are not able to improve the community welfare because their donations do not have long-term effects.
5) Ethical volunteering: this is whereby a certain NGO’s volunteer to offer their services with the welfare of the community they are assisting at heart. It is argued that some NGO’s volunteering work is not ethical because they do not really help those who needs their help.
Córdoba, José De “The Wall Street Journal.” Aid Spawns Backlash in Haiti, 12 November 2010. Web. 7 February 2013
Stupart, Richard. “Voluntourism does more harm than good” CNN Travel 24 November 2011. Web. 8 Feb. 2013.