The paper “ The Role of Social Media in Political Mobilization” is a brilliant example of a research proposal on media. With the events that took place during the 2011 Arab Spring uprising, social media platforms have been foreshowed as very instrumental in facilitating the revolutions. This research paper will focus on the extent to which activists in Libya, Egypt and Tunisia used social media platforms (Facebook, Twitter, weblogs, and YouTube) as the tools for orchestrating and creating awareness of political movements in the Arab Spring uprising. The discussion will focus on three uprisings (Libya, Egypt, and Tunisia) and aim to demonstrate the dialectical force of social media platforms.
The paper will explain whether the hype on social media as an instrumental platform in organizing and coordinating these revolutions is true. IntroductionThe continuing Arab Spring revolutions have raised a lot of sentiments on the role of social media when it comes to political communication. It is over a decade now that the internet has played a prominent role particularly in diffusing the interest of popular political activists in the Arab world. Some political analysts and academicians have embraced social media appealing that it is one way of bringing democracy into existence (Sheila, 2012).
According to Nicholas Kristof on New York Times said that social media is an effective weapon of disseminating political common interest of the citizens that tend oppose authoritarian leaders in the 21st century where the game is, as government security fire bullets, the protesters on the other side fire ‘ tweets, ’ an interesting play (Daily News Egypt, 2012). Apparently, even before the happening of Arab Springs, the uprising in Iran was also termed as ‘ Twitter revolutions, ’ implying that social played a prominent role in political communications.
According to Daily Brief Service (2012), the 21st century is a tech-savvy generation that take-over authoritarian leaders using digital movements. With the Arab Spring Uprising, it has defined a simplified conclusion on the role of social media when it comes to fostering revolutions. However, this conclusion will depend on some extensive assumptions about the liberal nature of the internet which calls for close scrutiny. The revolutions that were experienced across Arab countries and most parts of North Africa in 2011 are still experienced (Ilhem and Kuebler, 2012, 1433).
For instance, the death of Muammar Kaddafi has recorded in mobile phones as well as the video camera which was then conveyed through the internet. Anyone could access these events around the world through YouTube, and this symbolizes the kind of pundits (journalists) that characterizes social media coverage on the Arab Spring. For the first time in history, the nature of events surrounding the Arab Uprising is sourced from ordinary citizens through Twitter, Facebook, YouTube and blogs, which is radicalizing information more than the mainstream (digital media) (Sheila, 2012). According to the Arab Social Media Report (2011), 90% of Tunisia citizens get news information from social media, as well as 89% of Egyptians.
The state-sponsored media is underused (Tunisian users are 40% and the Egyptian users are 35%) since the rooting of social media in the 21st century. There is an equal noteworthy in Arabs states where at the beginning of 2011, young Facebook users had increased by 75% and the subscribers to newspapers had reduced by 40%. Actually, social media tends to facilitate social movement events which have pronounced to different protest experience in Arabs uprising.
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