The paper "The Social Needs of Children in Foster Care" is an outstanding example of a research paper on sociology. An increased number of children spent most of their time under foster care each year. Abuse and neglect from their parents are the mains reasons that force the children to move into foster homes ( Baumrucker et al 2012, p. 6). 35% to 60% per cent of children entering foster care have a wide array of social and health needs. Social and behavioural are common among a large portion of these children.
The painful experiences in their past, as well as the trauma that follows separation from their parents, may impact the mental health as well as the development of these children. This, in turn, affects their social activities and how they interact with other members of the family and the society in general. It is thus necessary for their social needs to be analyzed and addressed. This research seeks to explore the link between foster homes and the social needs of children under their care. The research problem Pinpointing the exact social needs of children under social care is hard given the complex nature of the factors that come into play.
The traumatizing experiences in their past, as well as the need to adjust to the new environment and people around them, make them have a wide array of social needs. Not only do they need quality healthcare, but they also need quality education as well as emotional support from the foster family and society as a whole. Given the complex nature of their social needs and how they relate to each other, the research problem addressed by this study is to investigate how the social needs of the children under foster care can be met. The aims of the study To find out the various social needs of children under foster care To point out how these social needs can be addressed To investigate how foster homes and society, in general, contributes to meeting these social needs Literature review Past research has focused on the general needs of children in a foster home.
These studies have emphasized the importance of meeting the health and educational needs of children under foster care.
Bass et al (2004) point out that the health needs of these children can be met through the prevention of neglect, abuse and entry into foster care. They argue that most of the children who enter into the foster care system have already been exposed to factors that might hinder their health and behavioural development. Lips (2007) states that foster children score poorly in standardized scores and higher in tardiness, absenteeism and dropout rates. His focus is on the educational needs of foster children where he argues that improving their educational needs will go a great way in addressing other unique needs. A number of researchers have sought to find out the various social needs of foster children Children under foster parents are vulnerable and have a wide range of social needs (Bruskas 2008, p. 77).
Anderson, C. 2010. Presenting and evaluating qualitative research. American journal of pharmaceutical education, 74(8).
Anderson, V. 2004.Research methods in human resource management. London: Chartered Institute of Personnel and Development.
Babbie, E. 2007. The basics of social research. 1st ed. New York. Cengage Learning
Bailey, K. (2008). Methods of Social Research. 1st ed. Free Press.
Baumrucker, E., Fernandes-Alcantara, A., Stoltzfus, E. and Fernandez, B. (2012). Child Welfare: Health Care Needs of Children in Foster Care and Related Federal Issues. Washington, DC: Congressional Research Service.
Berger, P. and Luckmann, T. (n.d.). The social construction of reality: a treatise in the sociology of knowledge. 1st ed. [S.l.: s.n.
Broom, A. (2006). Ethical issues in social research. Complementary therapies in medicine, 14(2), pp.151--156.
Bruskas, D. (2008). Children in foster care: A vulnerable population at risk. Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Nursing, 21(2), pp.70--77.
Bryman, A. 2004. Social research methods. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
De Vaus, D. A. (1996) Surveys in social research, London: UCL Press
Elliott, J. (2005). Using narrative in social research. 1st ed. London: SAGE.
Guest, G., MacQueen, K. and Namey, E. (2012). Applied thematic analysis. 1st ed. Los Angeles: Sage Publications.
Harden, B. (2004). Safety and stability for foster children: A developmental perspective. The Future of Children, pp.31--47.
Holloway, I., Wheeler, S. & Holloway, I. 2010.Qualitative research in nursing and healthcare.Chichester, West Sussex, U.K.: Wiley-Blackwell.
Lock, A. and Strong, T. (2010). Social constructionism. 1st ed. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
Newton, R., Litrownik, A. and Landsverk, J. (2000). Children and youth in foster care: Disentangling the relationship between problem behaviors and number of placements. Child abuse & neglect, 24(10), pp.1363--1374.
Parahoo, K. 2006. Nursing research. Basingstoke: Macmillan.
Polit, D. F. and Beck, C. T. 2010.Essentials of nursing research. Philadelphia: Wolters Kluwer Health/Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.
Racusin, R., Maerlender, A., Sengupta, A., Isquith, P. and Straus, M. (2005). Psychosocial treatment of children in foster care: A review. Community mental health journal, 41(2), pp.199--221.
Resnik, D. and others, (2010). What is ethics in research & why is it important. Research Triangle Park, North Carolina: National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences/National Institute of Health.
Robson, C. 2007. How to do a research project. Malden, MA: Blackwell Pub.
Schneider, Z., Whitehead, D., Elliott, D., Lobiondo-Wood, G., & Haber, J 2007.Nursing & Midwifery Research Methods and Appraisal for Evidence-based Practice. 3rd Eds. Australia: Elsevier
Voils, C., S, elowski, M., Barroso, J. and Hasselblad, V. 2008. Making sense of qualitative and quantitative findings in mixed research synthesis studies. Field methods, 20(1), pp.3--25.
Walsh, W. and Mattingly, M. (2011). Long-term foster care: different needs, different outcomes. Durham, NH: Carsey Institute, University of New Hampshire.
Witkin, S. (2012). Social construction and social work practice. 1st ed. New York: Columbia University Press.
Bass, S., Shields, M. and Behrman, R. (2004). Children, families, and foster care: Analysis and recommendations. The future of children, pp.5--29.
Lips, D. (2007). Foster care children need better educational opportunities. Heritage Foundation, June 5, 2007, http://tinyurl. com/danlips.