Assessing Risks of Fire Destruction in Structures – Research Proposal Example

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The paper "Assessing Risks of Fire Destruction in Structures" is a great example of a research proposal on engineering and construction.   Understanding of existing conditions that would contribute or accelerate the risk of fire in structures is crucial in mitigating the cost and extent of fire outbreaks. Besides prevention, such knowledge is crucial in planning, preparing, and response efforts. Using both descriptive and qualitative methodologies, the research intends to identify likely fire outbreak scenarios, infrastructural risks, vulnerabilities of facilities, and measures that can be taken to prepare for fire incidents.

The procedure involves a review of emergency management and scientific literature, systematic assessment of critical structures, and informal interviews with planning and building officials. The results include vulnerability analysis, emergency facility analysis, and hazard assessments. Recommendations include structural upgrades, education measures, and planning. Assessing risks of fire destruction in structures Introduction Recent national statistics produced by the Communities and Local government in the UK indicate that the fire and rescue services attended to over 804,000 fire and false alarm incidents in 2007 (National Statistics, 2009). Primary fires contributed to approximately 144, 000 of the total fires, with dwelling fires at 53,000, while fires in other buildings such as workplaces and places where people gather contributing to 31,000 of the fire incidents.

51,000 of the fires were caused by road vehicles. Secondary fires were 231,000 with the other incidences being either apparatus caused false alarms or malicious false alarms (National Statistics, 2009). Although fire incidences marked an average of 9 % decrease from the previous 12 months, the incidences were still significantly high. Coupled with the changing world climate, terrorism threats and other factors increasing the vulnerability of structures and individuals’ to fire risks, there is an increasing need for continued efforts to reduce the incidences of fire by adequately planning, preparing and responding adequately to reduce and mitigate the effects of such cataclysmic outcomes. Successful preparation, response effort, and planning outcomes are in turn greatly determined by accurate risk assessments.

Additionally, an understanding of the pre-existing conditions can greatly help in determining the likely extent of damage in case of fire and thus enhance preparation and response effort.    

References

Christian S. D., British Standards Institution Technology & Engineering, 2003. A guide to safety engineering. London. British library

Harmathy T. Z, ASTM Committee E-5 on Fire Standards, Society of Fire Protection Engineers, 1985. Fire safety, science and engineering: a symposium. Baltimore.

ASTM International, 1985

National Statistics, 2009. Fire Statistics, United Kingdom 2007.

http://www.communities.gov.uk/publications/corporate/statistics/firestatisticsuk2007

Purkiss J. A. 2007. Fire safety engineering: design of structures. USA. Butterworth- Heinemann.

Rasbash D., Ramachandran G. and Kandola B. 2004. Evaluation of fire safety.

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