The paper “ Primary School Middle Leadership Management in the English and Saudi Education System” is a perfect example of a research proposal on education. This chapter describes the methods and approaches that will be used to conduct this study. Firstly, it examines and assesses the research design and philosophy/ paradigm that this study will be embedded within. Secondly, this chapter describes and provides justifications for the approaches that this study will take and the sampling method that will be used to select the participants. Thirdly, it discusses the ethical considerations that will be taken into account in the course of this study.
Subsequently, it examines how data analysis will be conducted. This chapter will then describe the specific settings and the participants that will be involved in the study. Lastly, it will outline the research questions used in this study. 3.1 Research Design 3.1.1 Qualitative research methodThe main aim of this study is to explore primary school middle leadership/ management in the English and Saudi education system. This chapter is a consideration of the research objectives and approach. The data the research anticipates to collect for this research is expected to provide detailed accounts of the ways in which teachers engage with management approaches.
The nature of this study requires detailed accounts of the ways in which teachers engage with management roles and experience their positions in the educational environment. As such, this study lends itself to a qualitative approach, as it shall enable the gathering of rich and complex data that will be valuable for analysis. The data anticipated is predominantly of this nature because in order to find out the exact differences between the two systems we need to have in-depth and detailed data.
The research method must therefore illicit an anecdotal response in order to compare and contrast the roles of middle managers in the two systems. This lends itself to a qualitative approach as this will enable the gathering of rich and complex qualitative data. Indeed, this perspective is shared by Gilbert (2008) in his discussion regarding selecting the qualitative research method approach, where he argues that the qualitative nature of the research data should be the driver of the qualitative method of investigation. . A qualitative research design is often described as a method of inquiry research that uses a set of procedures to explore and interpret research issues to gain a deep insight into a specific phenomenon, instead of merely the surface description of a research sample.
It is used for collecting relevant qualitative in-depth data and generating new findings that can be applied beyond the boundaries of the study, depending on the generalisability of the research findings (Mack et al 2005). Shank (2002) also notes that this research design is systematic and empirical in nature and can be used to establish the meaning of a particular research issue, as they are intended to ask the participants their opinions and interpretations of certain phenomena.
Merriam (2009) observes that qualitative research employs different interpretative techniques to decode, describe, and interpret research issues so as to establish the meaning of phenomena in society. These make it possible to interpret and gain deep insight into the complex social processes, as well as to capture vital characteristics of certain phenomena based on the respondents’ perspective in order to discover, motivations, values, beliefs as well as the underlying individual behaviors.
According to Mack et al (2005) and Merriam (2009), this design is suitable for exploring the research aspects such as beliefs, and behaviors, as well as the “ human side” of a research issue and providing a textual description of encounters, views or experiences regarding a particular research issue in specific social settings. Similarly, Denzin and Lincoln (2011) argue that a qualitative research design incorporates a multi-method focus that encompasses a naturalistic and interpretive method of examining research issues, as the participants are studied within their natural settings while the research seeks to interpret their motivations, values, beliefs as well as the underlying individual behaviors.