The paper “ Strategies in the Realization of Requests Encountered by Iraqi Learners and Australians Speakers of English in Australian Universities” is a bright example of a research proposal on English. This chapter analyzes the methodology to be used for conducting in-depth research about the realization of speech act requests encountered by Iraqi learners and Australians speakers of English in Australian Universities. The chapter would outline the methodologies for creating the research design, collecting data, and analyzing the data for this research. It would further discuss the use of quantitative methodology and DCT (discourse completion questionnaires) for conducting this research to understand how Iraqi learners and Australian speakers of English in Australian universities conduct speech act requests, while also providing a base for further research. I propose to use quantitative research methodology for undertaking this thesis, as I believe that quantitative research is significant for investigating this issue of finding a correlation between speech act requests and Iraqi learners and Australians speakers of English.
A quantitative methodology is the best fit for this topic because it helps in testing the hypothesis through the analysis of various variables and the use of statistical techniques.
Such a method helps in determining whether the hypothesis proposed is true or not. This methodology will help me in comparing the speech acts being made by the Iraqi learners and the Australian speakers and understand whether social factors have any impact on the speech act of requests or not in native and non-native English language speakers. Through the use of a discourse completion test (DCT), a standard questionnaire, the data for this research would be collected. The DCT is being developed by Blum-Kulka (1982) and is generally being used by researchers for studying speech acts.
For this study, the respondents were asked to first read through the situations given in the DCT and then respond to the questionnaire. For this particular study, I have determined to undertake the survey among a sample size of around 50 students from Australian universities who are Iraqi learners and Australians, speakers of English, to understand their perspectives about speech act requests and how they would respond to certain questions regarding making requests in different situations. The study will rely heavily on the Discourse completion test technique, commonly referred to as questionnaires, as the data collection instrument.
The questionnaires that would be used for this research would use multiple-choice questionnaires as well as a discourse completion task (DCT). 3.1.1 Aims and Research QuestionsThe aims of this study are: To investigate how the Iraqi learners perform their requests speech acts; To investigate whether the Australian speakers employ any different strategies in their realization of requests; and To find out the differences between the way Australians and Iraqi request. In order to fulfill the aims of the study, the below mentioned research questions would be addressed in detail: Which strategies of request do Iraqi learners of English use? How do Australian speakers differ from Iraqi learners of English with respect to their realization of strategy? Can we identify any cultural insinuations by analyzing the strategies which are used in Iraqi English? 3.2.
Issues in data collection This section gives an overview of the various methods that the researcher would use in the research and provides reasons for choosing the DCT technique to collect the data for the study.
Further, the section would also focus on the reliability and validity of the use of the DCT method for collecting data.
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