Positive Impact of Implementing a Regular Exercise Program for Police Officers Who Are Working on Midnight Shift to Reduce the Likelihood of Accidents due to Sleep Deprivation – Research Proposal Example

Running head: EFFECTS OF REGULAR EXERCISE PROGRAM Effects of a Regular Exercise Program on Police Officers who are Permanently Assigned to work the Midnight Shift
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Problem Background
Sleep deprivation could result to a long list of serious life-threatening consequences. Police officers who are working permanently on midnight shift often encounter road accidents which could result to serious physical injuries. In worst case scenario, road accidents related to sleepiness could result to the untimely death of police officers. In the process of going through a car accident, it is also possible for some of them to accidentally endanger the lives of innocent people walking on the sidewalk (Vila & Kenney, 2002).
Purpose of the Study
The purpose of this study is to examine the positive impact of implementing a regular exercise program for police officers who are working permanently on midnight shift. Upon examining the positive impact of implementing a regular exercise program for police officers who are working on graveyard shift, the health benefits and possible improvements in the work performance of police officers will be tackled in details.
With regards to making the implementation of exercise program a standard operating procedure, this study is important in determining new strategic ways to cut down the incidence of controllable physical injuries and deaths while police officers are working in the field.
Research Question
The following research questions will be used as a guide in completing the research study:
1. Does implementing a regular exercise program among the police officers who are working on a midnight shift prevent or lower down the cases of road accidents?
2. What are the physical health and psychological benefits of exercise program on the part of police officers?
3. What kind of exercise program suites the specific needs of police officers regardless of age?
Literature Review
As much as 65% of working individuals do not get a normal eight-hour sleep (National Sleep Foundation, 2001). Considering the short- and long-term negative impact of sleep deprivation on the physiological wellbeing of each police officer, it has been reported that there are a lot of them working on midnight shift who are constantly complaining about having to work without getting sufficient sleep (CNN Interactive, 1997).
The problem with lack of sleep is highly associated with memory problems, error made while working, and slow physical movements which could lead to serious road accidents and decreased work performance. Aside from road accidents, sleep deprivation could lead to many health-related problems like cardiovascular disease, increased blood pressure, digestive problems, and cancer, physical function disorders, stress, negative emotions like anxiety, anger or depression, and errors in making good judgement while working on the field (National Sleep Foundation, 2001). This makes the job of police officers who are working on a midnight shift very difficult.
Research Methodology
Information gathered for the literature review will be completed using Google and yahoo search. Terms used for locating valid sources of information includes: ‘police officer midnight shift’, ‘police officer midnight shift sleep deprivation org’, and ‘sleep deprivation health consequences’.
Proposed Research Design and Proposed Method of Measurements
An actual experiment will be conducted to fulfil the main purpose of this study. Because of the age differences of the police officers, the exercise program designed for the police officers includes five to ten minutes stretching includes the following: (1) neck rolls; (2) Achilles tendon and hamstring stretches; (3) side, forward and seated forward stretches; (4) windmills exercise; (5) upper and lower back stretching exercise; and more (Exercise Goals, 2009). After engaging a group of police officers who are working on a midnight shift to participate in an exercise program, each of the research participants will be requested to fill up the research survey form.
Valid and reliable research survey instruments will be used in collecting research survey data. With regards to measuring the quantitative research survey result, simple statistics will be computed using the excel software.
Site Setting, Population, and Sampling Size
Heir et al. (1998) stated that “increasing the sample size always produces greater
power….” (p. 11). In line with this, a total of 100 research participants will be gathered from nearby police station in _____.
Qualified research participants are police officers who are working on a midnight shift. Police officers who are working on day time will automatically be disqualified from participating in the research study.
Ethical Consideration of the Research Study
Prior to requesting the selected research survey respondents to participate in the study, it is ethical on the part of the researcher to personally seek the research survey respondents’ approval followed by explaining to them the main purpose of the research study.
In line with the data gathering, it is ethical on the part of the researcher not to include misrepresented data gathered in the measuring of data results. For example: In case a bias answer was gathered in the survey form, it is best not to include the data entry on the official statistical measurements. Instead, the researcher should take note or mention it on the research and data analysis section that such error has occurred in the research process.
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CNN Interactive. (1997, March 17). Retrieved October 21, 2009, from Lack of sleep Americas top health problem, doctors say: http://www.cnn.com/HEALTH/9703/17/nfm/sleep.deprivation/index.html#the
Exercise Goals. (2009). Retrieved October 21, 2009, from Stretching Exercises - Exercise Stretches for Flexibility and Safe Training: http://www.exercisegoals.com/stretching-exercises.html
Heir, J., Anderson, R., Tatham, R., & Black, W. (1998). Mulvariate data analysis (5th ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall.
National Sleep Foundation. (2001). Retrieved October 21, 2009, from 9 Strategies for Shift Workers: http://www.sleepfoundation.org/publications/3
Vila, B., & Kenney, D. (2002). Tired Cops: The Prevalence and Potential Consequences of Police Fatigue. NIJ Journal , 248, 16-21.