The paper “ Effectiveness of Working Memory Training in Children with Mild Intellectual Disability” is a potent example of a research proposal on education. Working memory is regarded as the central intellectual faculty that is directly linked to one’ s IQ, aging, and mental health. Working memory training in this essence is aimed at improving the individual’ s working memory. Some studies have claimed that training programs for working memory are essential for treating attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorders (ADHD) effectively together with other children's cognitive disorders. Similarly, it is said to be an effective tool for improving cognitive ability as well as scholastic achievements particularly in adults and developing children.
Contrastingly, these results/effects across different research studies have been found to vary significantly thus posing a critical question in regard to working memory training effectiveness. This paper is a research proposal that is aimed at investigating the working memory training effectiveness in children suffering from mild intellectual disabilities. Study BackgroundConcepts of working memory became widely accepted together with its relevance better understood in the 1970s (Holmes et al. , 2010; Raven, Raven & Court, 2003).
During this time various studies attempting to enhance one’ s working memory were initiated. Different varying views have been established with regard to the effects of working memory training; there are still wide inconsistencies (Holmes et al. , 2010; Klingberg, 2010). No study so far has established that indeed working memory training improves one's working memory in the long term. Currently, commercial computer-based programs have been designed with a singular objective of working memory training. These programs include Cogmed, Jungle Memory, and Cognifit. They have been claimed to offer massive benefits in terms of improving and enhancing one’ s working memory. Strongly, manufacturers of these programs have alluded that the aforementioned programs are effective.
According to the Jungle Memory website; www. junglememory. com it is claimed that children suffering from ADHD, dyslexia, sensory integration difficulties, dyspraxia, autism spectrum disorders, language impairments, and children with poor grades stand high chances to benefit by using the Jungle Memory working memory training program. Accordingly, it is said that Jungle Memory is the only proven brain training program with the capacity to enhance grades immediately after use (www. junglememory. com). Like Jungle Memory, Cogmed website; www. cogmed. com claims that their working memory training program Cogmed is the solution for persons who are held back by their working memory capacity ( www. cogmed. com).
In order to establish the validity of the above claims, it is significantly important to conduct an in-depth study to establish working memory training effectiveness (Holmes et al. , 2010). Children with mild intellectual disabilities serve as the best specimen given the fact that their cognitive inabilities are not to the extreme. The study will examine the working memory training effectiveness in mild intellectually disabled children (IQ 55-75) using the Baddeley models. Significance of the StudyThis study provides a comprehensive understanding of working memory training effectiveness.
Various experts established that the results regarding studies about the working memory training effectiveness vary extensively; this research will help in furthering the understanding of this topic. Given this understanding, this paper provides the following as its significance: This paper provides working memory trainers together with programmers with information regarding working memory training effectiveness will essentially be important in improving the current training programs to make them more efficient and reliable (Holmes et al. , 2010; Klingberg, 2010). The field of working memory is still undergoing growth and thus this study can be used for professional purposes where different researchers can refer to it in the future to expand the understanding of the working memory training effectiveness particularly in children with mild intellectual abilities.
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