The paper "A Critique of a Quantitative Research Study" is a great example of a research proposal on education. The purpose of this essay paper is to present a critique of a quantitative research study, entitled, “ Memorization versus Semantic Mapping in L2 Vocabulary Acquisition” (Khoii & Sharififar 2013). To ensure that this essay achieves its objective, I attempt to identify the reasons (aims) that prompted the conduction of the aforementioned research study. The identification process involves a contextual study of the research paper’ s literature review to establish the informational gap. Thereafter, I proceed to evaluate the credibility of the research paper’ s methodology.
Methodological evaluation involves a critical analysis of the methods used by the researcher in collecting and analyzing data. Moreover, critical analysis is important in establishing if the methodology complements the aims of the research paper. Following the critical analysis, I explore the viability of the research paper’ s findings and discussions. The exploration process precedes the scrutiny of the research paper’ s conclusive recommendations. With an overall outlook on the research paper, I finalize by reflecting on the research paper’ s evident applicability and assumed concepts. Aims Since the researchers are Iranians, they were concerned about the ineffectiveness of various cognitive strategies in improving English vocabulary learning in students.
It is true to state that their concerns emerged after they had contextually studied the existing literature on vocabulary learning cognitive strategies. The existing literature on vocabulary learning cognitive strategies did not provide a reliable strategy that is universally applicable in all vocabulary learning situations (Khoii & Sharififar 2013). This implies that the researchers identified an information gap that was important in resolving the ongoing debate on the effectiveness of different English vocabulary learning cognitive strategies.
The informational gap formed the basis of defining the aims of their research. Whereby, according to Khoii & Sharififar (2013), high vocabulary proficiency is a necessary requirement in the employment environment. This means that students must rely on certain cognitive strategies in attaining vocabulary proficiency. Contrarily, the ongoing debate inhibited a research-based universal appropriation of a specific cognitive strategy that meets the vocabulary learning demands and expectations of all students. Therefore, the researcher's aim was to conduct research that compares and contrasts the effectiveness of different existing vocabulary learning cognitive strategies.
By doing so, they intended to provide an appropriate cognitive vocabulary learning strategy. In this case, the appropriation process involved the comparison and contrast of rote memorization and semantic mapping cognitive strategies. Methodology The researchers employed an empirical study design that initially involved 52 female participants aged between 19 to 24 years (Khoii & Sharififar 2013). The participants befitted the aims of the study based on the fact that they were sophomore students taking an English Translation course in the North Tehran branch of Islamic Azad University.
The researchers conducted a harmonization exercise to increase the participants’ suitability, thereby reducing the number of participants to 38 students. It is true to state that the selection of participants matched the research’ s problem-solving focus. Whereby, the research intended to resolve English vocabulary learning problems among students. After harmonization, the researchers divided the remaining 38 students into two groups, each with an equal number of students. The participants undertook a pre-test to determine their vocabulary knowledge-ability. The two groups consisted of ‘ rote memorization’ students and ‘ semantic mapping’ students.