The paper "The Hegemony between Iran and the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia" is a great example of a research proposal on politics. This chapter aims to provide relevant conclusions as well as suggestions based on the research conducted in the study. More importantly, the study presents a comprehensive understanding of the ongoing conflict of hegemony between Iran and the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, coupled with the effects it has on the Gulf region. The study has been based on the scrutiny of the political and historical relations and exchanges between these two nations and noting the changes that have occurred to alter these relations.
As stated earlier, the research employed a qualitative method to devise themes from the codes in the Findings chapter, and use them to provide a better comprehension of the text. The study reveals similarities and actions of cause and effect which can be utilized as a level ground for the relations between both Saudi and Iran. The findings indicate a possible shift in relations based on the analysis of the historical political demeanor shared by both of these nations.
The study set to examine the period between the Islamic Revolution in 1979 to the last quarter of 2016 since there were significant efforts in diplomacy that were executed in an attempt to bridge the gap between them. As history has indicated, the geopolitics of the Middle East, especially those between Iran and Saudi Arabia have been strained and in some cases requiring severance. For this research, the findings were achieved from categorizing the areas under investigation; hence the researcher chose the following focus areas; the crisis (domestic and international) that involved each nation, the bilateral relations and the existing inquiry efforts attempted by either nation.
The first notable point is that the relationship between Saudi Arabia and Iran is based on mistrust and fear as is evident from the research. The study also reveals that the actions of either nation are determined by the decisions of the other, and so is the perception of each other. Research reveals that at the onset of the 1979 Islamic revolution in Iran, Saudi Arabia waited until Iran had shown its position towards the New Iran before it made its stand.
This policy of wait-and-see was initially adopted by the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia in the early days of the relationship and was further adopted as the policy of choice when dealing with Iran. Despite the slow Saudi reaction to the Iranian case, the final action taken was not enough to foster close relations between them. Actions of kindness did not resonate well with Iran as they began to interfere with internal Saudi affairs by supporting the minority Shiites who mainly resided in the Eastern part of Saudi to ask for more freedom and equality.
They also helped the Saudi Shiites during the Hajj riots. Despite the fact that these actions would provoke retaliation, Saudi Arabia chose to treat the matter as a local issue and no military action was taken against the Iranian government. The demonstrations instead were met with reform and the individual grievances were responded to in different stages. Riots, on the other hand, were categorized as threats to both the pilgrims and the nation at large. As a result, a swift and harsh action was taken by the Saudi forces to quell the situation.
The tense situation, however, has not been like this throughout as was evident during the reign of Rafsanjani and Khatami when Iran ceased interfering in local Saudi matters either by supporting the Shiites or through accusations directed at the Royal Family. In turn, stronger ties were developed through the establishment of exchange programs that would benefit both nations.