The paper "Avoidance of Recidivism Following Conviction" is a worthy example of a research proposal on social science. This research aims to conduct an evaluation of the impacts of various programs used in prisons in the reduction of recidivism in the released inmates and compare the outcomes in the inmates who participate in the programs and those who don’ t. Problem Statement The research aims to identify various programs that are used in prisons and their impact on reducing recidivism in society. The research will also compare those inmates who have attended various programs and those who have not and analyze the probability of recidivism in both cases. Research Question What are some of the programs that can be used to reduce recidivism following conviction and what impact do they have on inmates? Hypothesis The inmates who go through various educational and vocational programs are less likely to recidivate than the inmates who do not go through such programs. Literature Review Prisons have been used widely in the last two decades as a measure of controlling crime.
It is believed that long prison sentences act as a deterrent to future recidivism and this has made the campaign for minimal sentencing to gain momentum.
Prisons suppress the criminal behaviour of the convicts. Given the unfriendly state of prison life and the negative social stigma that is associated with prisons, then convicts should be deterred from repeating similar offences that land them in prisons again. Some researchers propose that imprisonment is inhumane and psychologically destructive to those convicted. This is likely to make the prisoners recidivate after their release. Other researchers suggest that prisons have a minimum impact on the offenders concerning the changing of their behaviours (Crutchfield, Bridges & Oitchford, 2007 pp.
175). Offenders get into prisons with much antisocial behaviour that is not likely to be changed during the period of incarceration. This perspective suggests that convicts with lower risk offences are likely to be affected adversely by long incarceration periods. The reason for this is that the environment in prisons accords them a chance to interact with hardcore convicts who might have committed serious offences. Other studies in the late 1990s involving 320,000 offenders showed 325 correlations between recidivism and the length of time spent in prisons by the convicts (Crutchfield, Bridges & Oitchford, 2007 pp.
179). The results from the study indicated that prisons should not be used with the expectation of eliminating criminal behaviour. To determine the individuals who are adversely affected by prisons, the prison officials should carry out comprehensive assessments of offenders’ attitudes and behaviours while in prison. There has been a need to introduce measures in order to reduce recidivism among the people who come out of prisons. There are some countries such as the US that have introduced mandatory prison sentences as a measure to control recidivism.
This policy is aimed to let the offenders know that they will be punished severely after they commit any offence.