The Urban Life Profile and the Issue of Asthma in the Case of Lewisham as the Urban Context – Research Paper Example

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The paper “The Urban Life Profile and the Issue of Asthma in the Case of Lewisham as the Urban Context” is a motivating example of a research paper on health sciences & medicine. Urban health refers to the study of the health of the urban populations while considering two aspects in urban health inquiry concerning the description of the urban population as a whole or as subgroups. In addition, there is a need for an assessment of understanding of the determinants of population health in cities. One of the primary importance of urban health is the growing significance of cities across the globe since more and more persons are now living in cities. Secondly, there is an improved understanding of the context in public health matters with the intention of shaping the population health.

The objective of urban health is to offer new thinking while refocusing on public health on upstream or horizontal rather than the vertical and downstream approaches (Chatterjee, 2014). The purpose of this research is to examine the issue of asthma in the case of Lewisham as the urban context. This is through presentation and illustration of an account of the data and information in accordance with the data collection under the influence of observation. The study will focus on the utilization of the data collected during a visitation of the urban area with reference to 10th December 2014, 15th January 2015, and 2nd February 2015.

Demographic Analysis
In the course of addressing this research objective, the study will focus on the urban health conditions of Lewisham, which is an inner-city district in South East London, England. The area is one of the 35 major centers in Greater London. The purpose of the Lewisham London Borough Council is to incorporate an effective development plan with the intention of improving the center into becoming a metropolitan center while rivaling other inner cities such as Bromley, Croydon, and Kingston upon the Thames (Cave, Cooke, and Benson, 2004). Lewisham is one of the largest commercial areas within the context of South East London. The city tends to have numerous buildings and structures, which operate as administrative centers, business outlets, shopping centers, educational institutions, and healthcare platforms.

In addition, the area focuses on the exploitation of quality and extensive transportation systems, which relates to tubes, rail, DLR, and buses to enable the urban dwellers to handle their needs and expectations. From this perspective, the settlement within the city is densely populated. It is critical to note that the types of houses, structures, buses, busy roads, and poor social amenities have been ideal in the generation of urban health issue (Rodgers, 2013). One of the reasons for the selection of Lewisham in the development of this report is its accessibility and qualification of being a city. In addition, it is easier to move from one location to another within the city while recording substantial data concerning the urban health issue.

Rationale
There continue to be urgent calls for the council to tackle air quality in Lewisham after the city frequently ranked as one of the worst three London boroughs of air pollution-related deaths in accordance with the new statistics. Some of the main causes of deaths linked with air pollution in London include asthma, heart attack, lung cancer, chronic lower respiratory disease, and dementia with reference to the data from the Office for National Statistics (National Association of County and City Health Officials, 2007). According to the findings of the study commissioned by campaign group clean air in London, Lewisham appeared fourteen times as one of the worst three boroughs in relation to the top ten causes of death for the assessment between 2010 and 2012 (Rodgers, 2013).

From this perspective, air pollution is one of the major causes of asthma, which makes it ideal for the assessment in this research study as one of the critical urban health issues. These attributes are vital in the understanding and interpretation of the issue of asthma in the case of Lewisham. One of the deadly health issues in the United Kingdom is asthma. For instance, more than one million children suffer from asthma in the case of the United Kingdom. This data incorporates cases of asthma in Lewisham. The United Kingdom has one of the highest prevalence rates of asthma symptoms among children across the globe (McMichael, Montgomery, & Costello, 2012). This makes it ideal for the research process to study and examine prevention strategies with reference to the case of Lewisham.



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