The paper "The Cold War And International Relations In The Post-Cold War Period" is a perfect example of a political research paper. The cold war is an era in the history of the world that started immediately after the conclusion of WWII and ended in the early 1990s (Griffiths, O'Callaghan & Roach 2007, p. 42). Various quarters have different views concerning the cold war. These views gives a number of distinct claims regarding the main causes of the cold war, the end of the cold war, the nature of cold war and its influence on the current international relations.
Actually, the highly touted view tends to indicate that the cold war was sparked by a heated tussle of power among the superpower countries. The term war implies lack of relationship, armed conflict, and tension between superpower nations. The term cold implies the existence of aspects that purportedly prevented the hostility and avoided a hot war. The majority of historians have found the definition of the cold war on the escalated tension that existed between the West and East that threaten the full-scale nuclear war.
The international relations during and after the cold war have attracted immense attention to many scholars. This research paper is going to seek the differences and similarities in international relations during the cold war and during the post-cold war era. Differences in International relations in the post-cold war era and during the cold war period International relations during the cold war were mainly dominated by realism. In this theory, international relations are viewed as a tussle for supremacy between egocentric nations and it is mainly not opportunistic in regards to eliminating war and conflict (Booth 1991, p.
529). This theory was more famous in the entire era of the cold war due to the fact that it offered a simple and strong explanation of imperialism, alliances, war, hindrances to cooperation and other international relations aspects. Additionally, it stresses that competition was constant with main centers of conflict being Soviet and America. The international relations on global stage were mainly dominated by the US and Soviets and they were two main competing powers. Imperialism was evident during cold war and it was mainly between the Soviet and the US.
The Soviet was more concern in expanding its influence in the regions. Although the Soviets had a genuine reason to push for its agenda of increasing its influence in the eastern part of Europe after WWII, it had other agendas of seeking to expand its hegemonic control even farther. As a result, Americans felt a sense of threat to their legitimate interests and their degree of influence in the west part of Europe. This is what led American to counter the soviet move with an aim of containing their expansion ambitions.
There were also a conflict of ideologies where the US pushed for capitalism will Soviet was inclined towards communism. According to realism theory, international relations are mainly conflictual due to anarchy. In this regard, anarchy does not imply war or chaos but it implies the lack of a supreme power to avert war or arbitrate disagreements (Bell 2002, p. 227). Due to this state of anarchy, nations arm themselves so that they could have a sense of security. As a result of arming endeavors among nations, balanced military power between the two was achieved.
In this scenario, there was increased tension but the situation remains more stable. Both sides, although tense, have the reason to remain peaceful since they are aware that war would lead to mutual destruction or stalemate. The international relations depicted between the US and Soviets exhibited this assumption of realism where every side was ambitious to gain control but both retreated when war was imminent since none of the sides was confident in a win.