Comparative Analysis of Authoritarian Spain, Italy and Germany – Research Paper Example

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The paper "Comparative Analysis of Authoritarian Spain, Italy and Germany" is an outstanding example of a politics research paper.   Authoritarian/dictatorship regimes dominated much of Europe right after World War I right through to the end of the Second World War. Among the countries affected included Spain under Francisco Franco from 1939 to the 1970s, Italy under the rule of Benito Mussolini and Nazi Germany under Adolph Hitler’ s rule. This period lasted between the 1920s and 1940s in Germany. The three countries are within close proximity and the politics of the time demanded that they share some of the aspects of authoritarian rule.

Spain, in particular, was affected because at the time while under Franco, there was much pressure from the west and therefore Franco had to associate himself with like-minded leaders. Part of this was because during the Spanish Civil War of 1936-1939 Franco receive assistance from Italy and Germany and partly from its common neighbour Portugal. These interactions, therefore, impacted Spain in a lot of ways and much of this impact can still be felt today; the ETA a rebel group that sprouted during this period of anarchy still is of influence today in Spain.

Among the policies that were affected in Spain included political economic and social policies. It is of note that politics has great importance in any society. Therefore in the case of Franco Spain, politics played a major role and its effects overflowed to key pillars of any society including the economy and society itself (Landman 114). This paper will, therefore, look into all these aspects and how they changed Spain then and now with a focus on contemporary Spain. Francisco Franco seized power from the Second Spanish Republic after a severe civil war that spanned three years.

He was a general in the army but did not share the sentiments of the then government and the coup that ensured was partly coincidental. At the time of the Great depression, Spain like many European countries were undergoing hardships. There were famine and food was scarce, the people especially the workers were tired of living in poor conditions, there were riots and total civil unrest as people demanded more from the government.

Franco, therefore, took advantage of this situation and staged a coup with the help of his loyal officers who were also disgruntled by the same government; the army did not support the Second Republic because of the cuts made in the military budget because of the effects of the depression. In 1939 he took power and declared himself as the supreme ruler of Spain; it is a monarchy he declared himself king and the commander in chief. This happened with the help of Germany and Italy through the supply of arms, food and machine tools used during the civil war.

This, however, did not go unnoticed as the West mainly the USA was against Communist rule in Spain. During their policy of isolation, the USA would prefer a Franco government rather than a Republic that could fall under the influence of the communist. But the German and Italian Influence at the time meant that Franco would join forces with the Axis of Evil and consequently support the exploits of Nazi Germany and Fascist Italy. At the time Franco had no adopted ideology apart from strong anti-communist sentiments partly because the Soviet Union was against his regime and his seize of Power from the Second Republic.

Soon after he seized power, the Second World War broke out. The whole of Europe was at war; Franco had to take sides with the Axis. This he did though he proclaimed neutrality; he sent some Spanish troops to join the Germans in Russia (Frazee pp 393-410).

Works Cited

Anderson Wayne. The ETA. New York, N.Y: The Rosen Publishing Group. 2003.

Balfour Sebastian and Quiroga Alejandro. The Reinvention of Spain: Nation and Identity since Democracy. Oxford; New York: Oxford University Press. 2007.

Balfour Sebastian. The Politics of Contemporary Spain. New York: Routledge. 2004.

Frazee Charles A. World History the easy way. Hauppauge, N.Y: Barron’s Educational Series. 1997.

Landman Todd. Issues and Methods in Comparative Politics: An Introduction (2nd edition). New York: Routledge. 2003.

Magone Jose’ Maria. Contemporary Spanish Politics (2nd edition). New York: Routledge. 2009.

Payne Stanley G. Franco and Hitler: Spain, Germany, and World War II. New Haven: Yale University Press. 2008.

Perry Marvin et al. Western Civilization: Ideas, Politics and Society. Boston: Houghton Mifflin. 2009.

Spielvogel Jackson. Western Civilization (7th Edition). Belmont, CA: Thomson Wadsworth. 2009.

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