See Instructions Below CJ240 Wk 5 – Research Paper Example
Week 5 Assignment Week 5 Assignment a) Impact of computerized police records on law enforcement Information technologies over the last decade have undergone an extraordinary rate of development. Significant changes have been enhanced by these technologies since their application relieves many sections of people’s daily life (Adderly & Musgrove, 2001). Computerized security system is a fascinating and challenging system. Its application has several impacts on law enforcement. Computerized police reports facilitate application of different tools in analysis. They also enable law enforcement agencies to respond to crises, protect citizens, conduct investigations, and combat crime. Based on enhanced accessibility to information, law enhancement institutions have experienced their effectiveness in police exertion. Keeping of a computerized record enables the police to conduct their ever-rising multifaceted and broad tasks with ease. Therefore, computerization of police records increases the value and performance of law enforcement institutions. We base on safety, organization, and enhance the speed of service delivery due to technologies. Moreover, the quantity of information generated by the flexible nature of law enforcement units are easily handled on computerized system unlike the initial paperwork that was costly. In regards to the benefits generated by technology, it has become an essential tool in management and decision-making. However, computerization of police records has negatively affected the law enforcement units. Due to enhanced technology, systems are prone to accessibility by malicious people (Agarwal & Prasad, 1997).
b) Steps to enhance understanding of a situation by a non-native English speaker
There are several steps that an officer can employ to ensure that a non-native speaker comprehend a particular situation. To begin with, the officer should pronounce their words correctly and ensure that they speak clearly. To avoid confusion, they should not exaggerate their pronunciation but it becomes effective if some words are pronounced in the same way as the non-native English speaker. Similarly, they should not cover their mouth since some listeners will find it useful to watch how they pronounce some words. In addition, they should use moderate volume that is audible rather high or low since it may scare or strain the non-native speaker. Furthermore, it is advisable for the officer to use simple words rather than complex words. The officer should not use verb phrases because some may have similarity in pronunciation but difference in meaning with the listeners thus they may distorts the information. In cases where the non-native English speaker requires a clarification, the officer should state it just as it had been presented for the first time. Moreover, use of contractions should be limited and wordiness avoided but the message should be maintained. Similarly, it is inherent for the officer to exercise patience. Application of these steps will facilitate explanation of a situation more coherently (Porter & Grant, 1997).
Adderly, R.W. & Musgrove, P. (2001). Police crime recording and investigation systems. Policing and international. Journal of Police Strategies & Management, 249 (1), 100- 114.
Agarwal, R. & Prasad, J. (1997). The role of innovation characteristics and perceived voluntariness in the acceptance of information technologies. Decision Sciences, 28 (3), 557-582.
Porter, P. & Grant, M. (1997). Communicating effectively in English: Oral communication for non-native speakers. Vatican: Henle ELT.