The paper "The Genealogy of Morals by Nietzsche" is an outstanding example of a philosophy research paper. Nietzsche warned that morality is not unconditional. Laws and moral rules are not set in stone. As cultures mature and grow laws and moral rules mature and grow as well. Not one human, even Nietzsche, is the possession of an all-knowing mind. Each human learns and matures in different ways. Hopefully, as the human race advances, laws and moral rules will advance as well. While many like to point out that Nietzsche’ s theories were focused on the nature of the human beast.
However, this aspect of hope is also presented. The hope that moral values will one day can be carried out without religious or societal threats. Nietzsche felt that morality in every culture was more of a ‘ herd’ morality. An example would be during slavery times, slavery was considered legal. The majority of Southerners believed slavery was a moral practice. Of course, times changed and slavery was overturned. The American culture then thought slavery was immoral. Laws and social concepts are accepted and unquestioned in a culture.
In the USSR, gulags were legal and accepted during the communist era. Whether through religious pressure, fear, or promises of redemption, cultures do have a ‘ herd’ mentality when it comes to morality. Individuals do not want to think for themselves, especially about morality. There are exceptions to the ‘ herd’ mentality. Nietzsche was an exception. He questioned the morality of his and other cultures. Abolitionists were there to question the validity of slavery. Vladimir Lenin and his men questioned the authority of royalty over the peasants. In more recent history, Boris Yeltsin and Vladimir Putin questioned the communist regime.
Sometimes a strong individual questions the morality of their culture. The results are a change in cultural morals. Throughout history, morals have changed due to leaders questioning authority.