The paper "New Technology and Sustainable Development in Automotive Industry" is a great example of a research paper on technology. The Australian automotive industry includes different sectors providing jobs for almost four hundred thousand people and contributing to around thirty-five billion dollars to Australia’ s GDP. More importantly, the industry plays an important role in supporting other industries including the country’ s national defense (ASA, 2012, p. 6). However, due to the rapid changes in motor vehicle design and the introduction of new manufacturing technologies, the industry is now facing a shortage of relevant skills to meet the demands of new technologies.
These include additional technicians with adequate knowledge and skills in repairing and servicing trucks being used in the booming mining industry, vehicle body building, electronics, and others. Consultations conducted with the industry suggest that aside from lack of basic literacy and numeracy skills, workers produced by the current VET system are not consistent with automotive industry requirements in terms of knowledge, competency, and capability. Moreover, the industry is also concern about the career choices of those who were guided by school career advisers towards automotive trades irrespective of suitability and desire.
Another is vocational schools misunderstanding of the industry’ s actual needs particularly in working with modern vehicles requiring knowledge in maths, science, and IT skills (ASA, 2012, p. 14). The issues are further complicated by the fact that while the industry is voicing out their concern over the poor quality and outdated training being delivered within VET, training providers see their role as mere teachers of underpinning skills and knowledge. Moreover, they also believed that specific training should be provided by manufacturers or employers as providers do not have the equipment and technology with them (ASA, 2012, p. 15).
For this reason, changes and improvements in national vocational training are necessary particularly in training packages that can provide competencies specific to modern vehicles, qualifications that are more aligned with the actual job roles in the industry, and foundation skills programs that are well suited for the automotive industry. Literature Review The Australian automotive industry plays an important role in the country’ s economy as aside from being one of the most competitive in the world, it provides employment to around 386,000 people.
37% of these workers are in repair and maintenance, 17.5% in retail, and 13.5% in manufacturing. The Australian automotive industry generates around $209.3 billion for 2009-2010 which is approximately 2.7% of the Australian economy. About 53% of all automotive businesses in Australia are small businesses employing between 1 to 19 employees and as shown in figures below, the industry is present in all states and consistently providing employment for thousands of people. Figure 1 - Employment by Sector and State from 2010-2011 (ASA, 2012) Figure 2 - Employment by selected occupations (ASA, 2012) New technologies are quickly transforming traditional motor vehicle from the mere mode of transport into an intelligent, intuitive, and rechargeable device which according to ASA or Auto Skills Australia will change the condition of the automotive industry and directly impact the skills required by people working in the industry particularly those that are in the service and repair sectors (ASA, 2012).
For instance, due to the mining and resource boom in Queensland, Western Australia, and Northern Territory, demands for trucks are expected to grow and therefore require technicians with skills to service and repair this type of vehicle (ASA, 2012, p. 9).
However, as reported in ASA’ s E-SCAN, a report about the condition and needs of the automotive industry, about 43.5 % of automotive apprentices and trainees withdraw from their training because knowledge and skills they gained from VET is not consistent with industry requirements. For instance, modern vehicles often used sophisticated computerized engine engagement, fuel injection systems, and brake technologies demanding technicians with math, science, and IT skills but VET training according to automotive business owners is often outdated and does not reflect the needs of the industry (ASA, 2012, p. 15).
ASA, (2012), Automotive Environmental Scan 2012, Auto Skills Australia, pp. 1-56
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