Consumption of FV among the Elderly – Research Paper Example

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The paper "Consumption of FV among the Elderly" is a wonderful example of a research paper on family and consumer science. Vegetables constitute a significant component of the daily diet. Fruits and vegetables provide the consumer with minerals such as calcium in addition to vitamins. Statistics from the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations show that 90 percent of vitamin C and 60% of vitamin A are derived from fruits and vegetables (Blanck, Gillespie, Kimmons, Seymour, Serdula, 2008). Furthermore, phytochemicals have been observed to contribute significantly towards health improvement by its products such as carotenoids, diallyl disulfide, or allyl methyl trisulfide.

Nutrients obtained from vegetables contribute to the prevention of some chronic diseases and degenerative functions in people who consume them. When a person consumes vegetables and fruits, the risks of cardiovascular infections are reduced, while the impacts of diabetes, stock, hypertension, and other forms of cancer are also reduced (Lin, 2005). According to the findings of the nurses and health study professionals’ follow up study, when a person consumes more vegetables he stands a better chance of not getting infected with diabetes.

Generally, there are a large number of people who are infected with diseases that have resulted from the pollution of the environment. More attention has been focused on reducing the impact of oxygen-free radicals that result from environmental degradation. This problem can be addressed effectively by increasing the number of antioxidant foods consumed. Vegetables do not contain much salt or sugar and also contain low amounts of fats. This ensures pollution is reduced and damage to the human body is also reduced. Vegetables also contribute to the reduction of body weight.

They contain fibers that create a feeling of satisfaction (Potter and Perry, 2006). This assists dieters who need to eat more calories. Fibers also assist in the development of a proper figure. In this regard, World Health Organization came up with an initiative aimed at promoting fruits and vegetables in all parts of the world by setting standards for the consumption of fruits and vegetables by creating a recommendation of 400 g on daily basis. Despite these recommendations, it has been found that FV consumption among college students is still below the required standards for a particular age (Geneva: 2001).

There is a range of factors that influence vegetable consumption among college students such as self-efficacy, level of income, knowledge, and their cultural environment. The use of the Theory of Planned Behavior among local and international students in addition to other factors that have an impact on vegetable consumption in college students has been used to determine factors that affect Fruits and vegetable consumption behaviors among local and international students. The theory of Planned Behavior assists in understanding the ways in which people change their patterns of behavior towards consumption of FV.

According to this theory, the intention of a person to engage in a particular eating habit can be determined. It explains that achievements of behaviors are dependent on the intentions of a person as well as his abilities. The main factors that determine the intention include beliefs, attitudes towards a particular behavior, and the norms and perceived behavioral controls (Agudo, 2004). Attitude is an individual’ s positive or negative impression of interest towards a particular type of food.

Subjective norm is the belief regarding the approval or disapproval of a particular form of behavior. Perceived behavioral control is an individual’ s ease or difficulty in taking a particular action. In general, an individual’ s attitude towards a particular form of behavior will affect the possibility of that behavior to occur.

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