The Issue of Quality in Early Education – Research Paper Example

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The paper "The Issue of Quality in Early Education" is a wonderful example of a research paper on education. The provision  of quality education at the earliest levels of education helps to maximize human value because it is when a person’ s capacity for learning is formed. However, ensuring universal quality education has generally been difficult to achieve in developing countries such as those in Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) region. Challenges faced include inadequate numbers of teachers, insufficient training, scarcity of infrastructure and learning materials, and extreme poverty. To deal with the challenge, various IGOs, MNEs, and INGOs have stepped in to assist national governments. The aim of this paper is to examine the roles of the Inter-American Development Bank, an IGO, and the United Nations Children's Fund, an INGO in handling the issue of education quality within the LAC region.

Its objectives are to identify the strategies applied by each of the two in handling the quality of early education, to examine any complementarities in their efforts, and to outline the role of citizen participation in the processes. In The Inter-American Development Bank, there is a brief introduction of the bank basing on a journal article and published book.

There is the provision of a policy outline of the bank’ s objectives regarding the quality of early education and the measures sought in seeking the objectives, as provided by the bank’ s corporate website and Annual Review Reports. Under the ‘ activities’ section, there will be a revisiting of the four exact strategies pursued in implementation of the measures, namely; ensuring efficiency in education-related investments, training of staff, and promotion of policies that ensure inclusion of marginalized people, specifically the poor.

For this reason, the bank funds curriculum reviews, professional development, implementation and review of accreditation and standards, identification of needy schools, and construction of more educational centers. With reference to the bank’ s website, the paper reviews the various programs that are current or have been done by the IDB in line with the objectives. This section relates closely to the paper’ s aim as it provides an extensive insight into the IDB’ s priorities in ensuring improved early education as an IGO. In the United Nations Children's Fund section, one organizational publication and a book are used in identifying the goals and policies of UNICEF with regard to the improvement of quality in early education.

The fund’ s website and books are used in explaining how it manages its projects, especially in its collaborative, for instance working with the EFA Global Action Plan under UNESCO, the United Nations Girl’ s Education Initiative (UNGEI) and various government agencies. UNICEF’ s main objective is identified as the pursuit of learning readiness for children getting into elementary school, and UNICEF helps this through the support of initiatives that promote proper schooling.

The others include investment in teacher training, adoption of more effective teaching models, and enhancement of national capacity for such improvements. There is also the actual improvement of infrastructure and supply of learning materials. A number of related UNICEF activities in the LAC region are then provided. It is concluded that the activities of the two organizations are however complementary and that citizens have a contributory role in the entire processes, as they need to own, accept and facilitate the changes that are brought.

This section helps to understand how UNICEF has been trying to change the situation in its target area and offers an insight into how such an organization, which, unlike the IDB is not a money lender can directly contribute to the improvement of educational quality.

References

Barbarin, Oscar, and Wasik, Barbara (eds). Handbook of Child Development and Early Education: Research to Practice. New York: Guilford Press, 2011

Gale, Laurence. Education and Development in Latin America. New York: Routledge, 2010

García, Hortense, and Kayser, Ramirez. Educating Latino Preschool Children. San Diego: Plural Pub., 2011

iadb.org. Early Childhood Development. Accessed on 8 April 2016 from

IDB. Inter-American Development Bank Annual Report: The Year in Review. Washington, D.C., 2015

Jolly, Richard. UNICEF: Global Governance That Works. London: Routledge, 2014

Korner, Anton. Regional Monitoring Report on Progress toward Quality Education for All in Latin America and the Caribbean. Panama: UNESCO, 2012

Lennon, E. Regional Development Banks: C. Inter-American Development Bank (IDB). Yearbook of International Environmental Law, 24.1 (2014): 585-587

Pianta, Robert, and Barnett, Steven. Handbook of Early Childhood Education. New York: Guilford Publications, 2015.

Vaillant, Denise. Preparing Teachers for Inclusive Education in Latin America. Prospects, 41.3 (2011): 385-398

UNESCO. Early Childhood Care and Education Regional Report: Latin America and the Caribbean. Moscow: UNESCO, 2014

Unicef.org. Early Childhood Education and School Readiness. Accessed on 8 April 2016 from

UNICEF. UNICEF at a Glance. New York: United Nations Economic and Social Council, 2009

United Nations. The UNICEF Strategic Plan, 2014-2017. New York: UN Economic and Social Council, 2013

Suen, Anastasia. UNICEF: United Nations Children's Fund. Westport: Greenwood Publishing, 2010

Tussie, Diana. The Inter-American Development Bank. Boulder: L. Rienner, 2012

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