Genetically Modified Foods – Research Paper Example
The paper "Genetically Modified Foods " is an excellent example of a research paper on health science and medicine. The World Health Organization (WHO, 2007) defines Genetically Modified foods as those derived from organisms whose genetic material (DNA) has been modified in a way that does not occur naturally. Examples of such foods are; - Corn, Soy, Eggs, Meat, Fowl and Dairy products (Center for Food Safety, 2010) Genetically modified foods have elicited a great debate on the need and safety as regards human health since the mid-‘90s (Friends of the Earth, 2003). Proponents cite the extensive safety tests conducted on these foods before approval for consumption. Government agencies like the Food and Drug Administration and the U.S. Department of Agriculture ensure that GM food manufacturers observe the Federal Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act which protects consumer safety (Winter & Gallegos, 2013). There is also potential in Genetically Modified foods to counter food insecurity among third world countries and the World’s most vulnerable communities. Freedman (2013) observes that genetic modification has increased corn, cotton, and soy production by between 20% and 30%; this has reduced their prices and increased their accessibility. GM foods are generally cheaper to produce and more nutritious than their organically counterparts (Chrispeels, 1998) thus suits the purpose of countering food insecurity. Furthermore, some GM crops are known to require less pesticide, less plowing effectively countering soil erosion (Greenpeace, 2011). Opponents feel that scientifically modifying crops threatens to interfere with human health. The interference of the DNA for crops and animals could lead to interference of human physiology (Shaw, 2013). Research on rats affirms consumption of GM foods to cause cancer and Alzheimer’s disease. This has been disputed by GM proponents who argue that the reaction of animals is not transferable to humans (Chrispeels, 1998). GM foods are carefully prepared and extensively tested for safety, cheaper to produce, more nutritious and assist in environment conservation. From these, I conclude that GM foods are safe.