Counter-Terrorism Propaganda on Social Media – Research Paper Example

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The paper "Counter-Terrorism Propaganda on Social Media" is an outstanding example of a military research paper. Terrorism is the use of intimidation or violence in the pursuit of political, ideological, or religious goals. It is a crime that is illegal by legislation and immoral. Terrorism has primary and secondary impacts as it affects the target victims and those associated with them. An example of Terrorism activities is the bombing of France in 2015. Social media is an electronic communication in which online communities are developed to share ideas, personal content, and information among other contents.

Examples of social media include Facebook and Twitter. ISIS is an abbreviation that stands for the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria. It is an extremist group governed by the Salafi or Wahhabi law. Propaganda is misleading and biased information spread with the aim of promoting a particular point of view or political course. It is the spread of a rumor, information, or idea with the goal of helping or injuring a person, cause, or institution. War in the New Era is a modern challenge faced in society.

An example of modern wars is terrorism. Counter-terrorism is the military or political activities developed to thwart or prevent terrorist activities. It is a strategy that aims at preventing terrorism and its impacts. Overview of Terrorism on Social Media Terrorists use social media due to their broad reach, affordability, and convenience. The aim of the terrorist is to pass the propaganda to the target population at the shortest time possible thus preference of the social media (Gates & Podder). Some of the social media platforms that are convenient and with the broadest reach include Twitter, Facebook, and YouTube.

Affordability of social media has seen the terrorists use social media to spread information and enhance their goals. Terrorists have also opted for social media since the conventional ones may not be able to give them a chance to broadcast their propaganda. Surveillance is also not comprehensive on social media compared to the conventional ones. ISIS and Al-Qaeda are some of the terrorist group that extensively uses social media. Terrorists use social media to raise funds, recruit and radicalize the public (Gates & Podder). They use the encryption tools to conduct these activities thus not able to be traced neither can their identities be revealed.

For instance, ISIS is active in internet memes, Tumblr, Instagram, Twitter, and YouTube. They use social media to pass propaganda through the uploading of video footages. The terrorists use Muslim grievances to attract Islamic believers. For instance, they appeal to the Muslims through misquoting the Quran and assuring them that they are championing for their needs. In political cases, they have been claiming responsibility for attacks to show their wit and power.

For example, the ISIS took responsibility for some of the attacks on Israel. As a result, the terrorist group portrays as a captivating and powerful entity thus attracting some of the youths (Lia). Some of the terrorist groups such as Al-Qaeda have also opened their membership for all irrespective of the nationality or ethnic group.

Work Cited

Aistrope, Tim. “Social Media and Counterterrorism Strategy.” Australian Journal of International Affairs 70.2 (2016): 121-138.

Bartlett, Jamie, and Louis Reynolds. "The state of the art 2015: A literature review of social media intelligence capabilities for counter-terrorism." (2015).

Embassy of the United Arab Emirates. UAE Counterterrorism. UAE Embassy, 2015. Web. 16 May 2016. < http://www.uae-embassy.org/about-uae/foreign-policy/uae-counterterrorism >.

Gates, Scott, and Sukanya Podder. "Social Media, Recruitment, Allegiance and the Islamic State." Perspectives on Terrorism 9.4 (2015). Web. 16 May 2016. < http://www.terrorismanalysts.com/pt/index.php/pot/article/view/446/html >.

Kaplan, Eben. Terrorists and the Internet. Terrorism and Technology, 8 January 2009. Web. 16 May 2016. < http://www.cfr.org/terrorism-and-technology/terrorists-internet/p10005#p4 >.

Lesaca, Jabier. Fight Against ISIS Reveals Power of Social Media. The Brookings Institution, 19 November 2015. < http://www.brookings.edu/blogs/techtank/posts/2015/11/19-isis- social-media-power-lesaca >.

Lia, Brynjar. "Al-Qaida’s appeal: Understanding its unique selling points."Perspectives on Terrorism 2.8 (2010). Web. 16 May 2016. < http://terrorismanalysts.com/pt/index.php/pot/article/view/44/html >.

Nasr, Amir. Fighting Terrorism on Facebook Isn’t that Easy. Morning Consult, 19 January 2016. Web. 16 May 2016. < https://morningconsult.com/2016/01/fighting-terrorism-on- facebook-isnt-that-easy/ >.

Williams, Lauren C. New Bill Would Force Social Media Companies to Identify Potential Terrorists, Report them to Government. Thinkpprogress, 10 December 2015. < http://thinkprogress.org/politics/2015/12/10/3730691/facebook-terrorism/ >

Wu, Paulina. "Impossible to Regulate: Social Media, Terrorists, and the Role for the UN." Chi. J. Int'l L. 16 (2015): 281- 294.

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