The paper “ Importance of Historical Culture in Saudi Arabia for the Art and Design Curriculum” is a breathtaking example of a research paper on social science. This qualitative study of how Saudi Arabia’ s Unique Historical and Cultural Context Influence Art Education Curriculum Development was designed in a way that would make it possible to obtain an in-depth view of this subject matter. Incident relevant to research questions were coded which attended to various issues that included Importance: This observed the importance of teaching and learning art and design according to faculty members and professionals in the field. Culture: Faculty feedback using a curriculum that reflects historical and cultural processes in a particular location. Content: Faculty Investigation of art education in Saudi Arabia. Curriculum: Professionals in the field that have designed art education curricula in Saudi Arabia. Role: Feedback on enhancing the quality of art education; Findings on unique effects on individual, society, and environment; Offering the mean of engagement to cultural values. In this study, there were three interviewees all being teachers in the department. Importance of historical culture in Saudi Arabia for the art and design curriculumThe art and design curriculum of Saudi Arabia has greatly been influenced by the historical culture as indicated by all the three interviewees.
The history of Saudi Arabia art is noted to be greatly interwoven by the ebb and movement of pilgrims who are frequent visitors as they are undertaking devotional duties. Muslim pilgrims who every year in the last fourteen centuries have traveled to Makkah and Al Madinah from all over the world have contributed immensely to the enrichment of the Culture of the people of the Arabian Peninsula (Dichaba, 2002).
As much as Islam influenced almost all aspects of Arabian cultural and spiritual life, the unique contribution of the deep roots of Nomadic Bedouin society that shaped the country’ s Cultural Heritage in the area of traditional crafts cannot go unnoticed. Some of the pilgrimages have brought in a lot of artistic talents and have been encouraged to stay in the country (Al-Mermish, 2001). The arts developed by the visitors have played a major role in the enrichment of the cultural narrative of Saudi Arabia thus impacting the curriculum greatly.
Islam emerged first as a religion in the seventh century in Makkar it then spread to Arabia and other Arab countries, to the western side of the Atlantic Ocean moving all the way the India and China. One of the interviewees (A) noted that the pilgrimage as one of the basic elements in the concept of The Black Arch. The concept has used by two artists Shadia and Raja as their first time official representatives of the Kingdom in Venice. The two are at the forefront of a new international wave art that is emerging in the cultural landscape of Saudi Arabia.
This wave of art is noted to build upon a recent national and modern history of art. The art in the Kingdom has been noted to have been affected by some major events. The first-ever art exhibition undertaken by Saudi Arabia students took place in Riyadh in 1958 at the Ministry of education while the first solo-artist was staged in Jeddah in 1965 which was also the year when the Middle Institute of Art Education was established in Riyadh.
There was the establishment of the Department of Art Education at the King Saud University in Riyadh in 1975 (Christiansen, A. & Tippets. , 2007). The historical culture has had an influence on the curriculum due to the fact that the curriculum allows the artist to express there past through art. Interviewee B illustrated this by use of Sadia and Raja art where Raja described the stories as very inspiring. The stories have been interwoven by their own experiences at Makkah which is their home city and intertwined by an illuminated arch which is a representation of Venice.
The interviewee takes note of the way the ark is set in a multitude of spheres which are very reflective with the aim of evoking understanding of how the two cultures contrast. This also gives the viewer a chance to imagine the role in the piece of art.