The paper "Adult Sexual Offenders" is an excellent example of a research paper on sociology. Crime has become part and parcel of our daily lives with reports hitting the media headlines with others even being censored. The public domain has been at the forefront in giving their views of sexual offenders in particular. Research has been underway to explain this behaviour and explore the best way to treated and integrated these offenders back into society. This paper will review the study carried out by Fortney, T., Levenson, J., Brannon, Y., & Baker, J.
(2007). Myths and Facts about Sexual Offenders: Implications for Treatment and Public Policy. Along with the following topics: Theories explaining criminal behavior, the main purpose of the study, study participants, data gathering procedures and instruments, the study findings, general discussion, contribution of the study to the general topic, limitations and how they can be dealt with in future research, authors and personal conclusion. In locating the study within the general field, theories have been put forward to explain this behavior; prior researches have also been done in this field dating back to Furby et al.
(1989) studies on treatment outcome with sexual offenders. Hall (1995) performed a Meta-analyses on 12 studies involving treatment with sexual offenders (N= 1,313). The analysis covered all treatment outcome studies with sexual offenders since the (Furby et al. , 1989) study. A small r = 12, overall effect size was found for treatment versus comparison conditions. 19 versus 27 was the overall rate of recidivism for sexual offenders who were treated and untreated respectively (Hall, 1995). The studies used sexual offenders who had completed some form of treatment and non-completers.
Becker & Murphy. (1998) conducted another study on what we know and don’ t know regarding assessment and treatment of sexual offenders. they found out that psychoanalytic models were mainly used to treat mental cases whereas behavioral therapy was employeed in the social perspective. Most programs focus on attempts to develop victims empathy within the offender under the assumption that recognition of victims impact will serve as a motivator to avoid future offending behavior (Becker & Murphy 1998). Theories explaining criminal behavior Different works from scholars in psychology have put forward possible theories to try and explain the origin of criminal behavior.
These explanations based mainly on personality, biological and social perspective as explained below. Psychoanalytic theory Freud, (1961), All humans have natural drives and urges repressed in the unconscious. He further hypothesizes that all human beings have criminal tendencies. The theory suggests that criminal behavior is learned through the faulty identity of the child with the parents. The resulting negativity ensues into the development of disturbances in the child’ s personality. The antisocial impulses are directed either inward resulting in criminal behavior or outward to bring out a neurotic in the child.
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